Robert J. Lowe

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We studied 128 patients admitted over a 12 1/2-year period to the Cook County Hospital Trauma Unit with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH): 82 were admitted directly and 46 were admitted after transfer from another hospital; 59% of the entire group died and only 27% obtained a functional recovery. As a group, the transferred patients, who suffered delays of(More)
One possible cause of pulmonary failure after trauma is the type of asanguinous fluid used for resuscitation, i.e., crystalloid or colloid. To investigate this issue, patients having a laparotomy for trauma randomly received either Ringer's lactate (RLS) alone or Ringer's lactate with albumin (ALB). Both groups received washed red cells. Test fluids and red(More)
AIMS Excessive lipid accumulation in Bruch's membrane (BrM) is a hallmark of ageing, the major risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells may utilise reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) activity to move lipid into BrM, mediated through ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) and scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI). (More)
The object of this article is to assess the value of human serum albumin (HSA) in the initial resuscitation of hypotensive trauma victims. Thirty-six patients (mean age = 30 years) in shock from trauma who underwent laparotomies were randomly assigned to either Ringer's lactate solution (RL) resuscitation or 4% HSA in RL resuscitation. Both groups received(More)
Two hundred forty-six patients admitted to the Trauma Unit of Cook County Hospital with penetrating neck wounds have been reviewed. A policy of mandatory neck exploration combined with a systematic approach to resuscitation and a diagnostic evaluation including neck and chest X-rays, endoscopy, and arteriography has been employed. The study has revealed a(More)
Six cases of pancreatoduodenectomy performed for combined injuries of the pancreas, duodenum, and/or distal common duct are reported. Pancreatoduodenectomy is indicated when there is extensive destruction of the pancreatic head in conjunction with major injuries of the duodenum, distal common duct, and/or retropancreatic portal vein, necessitating complete(More)
PURPOSE To assess structural, functional, and visual behavioral relationships in mutant rhodopsin transgenic (Tg) rats and to determine whether early optokinetic tracking (OKT) visual experience, known to permanently elevate visual thresholds in normal rats, can enhance vision in rats with photoreceptor degeneration. METHODS Eight lines of pigmented Tg(More)
Twenty-three patients with thirty-one disruptions of the intestines due to blunt abdominal trauma are reviewed. The bowel disruptions occurred in the stomach (2 perforations), duodenum (9), proximal jejunum (18), and sigmoid colon (2). The causes of injury, diagnostic difficulties, delays in treatment, associated trauma, surgical correction, and results are(More)