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Mutations in the BRCA1 gene, discovered in 1994, are associated with an 80-90% lifetime risk of breast cancer. We have analysed 60 families with a history of breast and/or ovarian cancer for germline mutations in BRCA1. Twenty-two different mutations were detected in 32 families (53%), of which 14 are previously unreported. We observed a significant(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an enterically transmitted human pathogen, with some similarities to caliciviruses. A variant of HEV was recently identified in pigs in the USA, infecting almost 100% of animals in commercial herds. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that this is a true 'swine HEV' distinct from the human virus, but the swine virus may also infect(More)
Examination of the small intestine of pigs with proliferative haemorrhagic enteropathy showed changes consistent with defects in vascular permeability. Early in the disease there were many eosinophils and distension of lacteals and intercellular spaces with proteinaceous material. Later the predominant features were red blood cells and exudate in tissue(More)
The aims of the present study were: (1) to determine the duration of suppression of luteinising hormone (LH) following a single treatment with a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist (BIM-21009; Biomeasure) at a dose of 100 microg kg(-1); (2) to block LH pulses only for certain days of pregnancy; and (3) to determine the period of early(More)
We isolated an apparently new virus in the family Paramyxoviridae from stillborn piglets with deformities at a piggery in New South Wales, Australia. In 1997, the pregnancy rate and litter size at the piggery decreased markedly, while the proportion of mummified fetuses increased. We found serologic evidence of infection in pigs at the affected piggery and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a new syndrome characterised by embryonic mortalities, stillbirths, mummified foetuses and congenital malformations in a herd of intensively farmed pigs. DESIGN Field observations, laboratory investigations and examination of breeding records. PROCEDURE Pathology examinations were performed on mummified and congenitally deformed(More)
Recent advances in research on seasonal infertility are discussed with a special focus on implications of the generally recommended restricted post-mating feeding strategy of the early pregnant gilt and sow for the physiology of seasonal infertility. The endocrinological basis of seasonal breeding of the wild and domestic pig is being clarified: as in other(More)
Tachyphylaxis to the effects of anorexigenic agents, such as sibutramine (S), may be due, in part, to counterregulatory decreases in energy expenditure (EE) and increases in hunger that result from reduced circulating leptin (L) due to loss of body fat and lowered L production/adipocyte. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that L(More)