Robert J. Lillis

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[1] Using electron energy spectra, we identify time periods when the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft is in or above the Martian magnetic pileup boundary (MPB). We use more than five years of data to develop a statistical picture of the location of the MPB relative to the MGS mapping altitude near 400 km. We show for the first time that the MPB(More)
[1] The magnetic field signatures of large demagnetized impact basins on Mars offer a unique opportunity to study the magnetic properties of the crust and the processes of basin formation and impact shock demagnetization. We present a framework for determining the effects on such signatures due to the dominant direction, strength, thickness, and vertical(More)
[1] We present a new technique for inferring neutral densities in the Martian upper atmosphere from atmospheric absorption of magnetically reflected solar wind electrons. Using electron loss cone measurements from the Magnetometer/Electron Reflectometer (MAG/ER) experiment on board Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), we derive upper thermospheric ( 160–230 km(More)
[1] Typically, Martian volcanoes show either a total absence of crustal magnetism or a local magnetic mimimum. Hadriaca Patera is the only volcano on Mars with a clear positive magnetic anomaly directly over the volcanic edifice, as determined by electron reflection magnetometry. Hadriaca’s topography, lava flow crater ages, gravity anomaly, position(More)
Planetary auroras reveal the complex interplay between an atmosphere and the surrounding plasma environment. We report the discovery of low-altitude, diffuse auroras spanning much of Mars' northern hemisphere, coincident with a solar energetic particle outburst. The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph, a remote sensing instrument on the Mars Atmosphere and(More)
The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission, during the second of its Deep Dip campaigns, made comprehensive measurements of martian thermosphere and ionosphere composition, structure, and variability at altitudes down to ~130 kilometers in the subsolar region. This altitude range contains the diffusively separated upper atmosphere just above(More)
Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere,(More)
The first in situ nightside electron density and temperature profiles at Mars are presented as functions of altitude and local time (LT) from the Langmuir Probe and Waves (LPW) instrument on board the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission spacecraft. LPW is able to measure densities as low as ∼100 cm−3, a factor of up to 10 or greater(More)