Robert J Levis

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Two members of coronavirus serogroup I, human respiratory coronavirus HCV-229E and porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), use aminopeptidase N (APN) as their cellular receptors. These viruses show marked species specificity in receptor utilization, as HCV-229E can utilize human but not porcine APN, while TGEV can utilize porcine but not human(More)
Aminopeptidase N, or CD13, is a receptor for serologically related coronaviruses of humans, pigs, and cats. A mouse line transgenic for the receptor of human coronavirus-229E (HCoV-229E) was created using human APN (hAPN) cDNA driven by a hAPN promoter. hAPN-transgenic mice expressed hAPN mRNA in the kidney, small intestine, liver, and lung. hAPN protein(More)
A one-photon ionic resonance is measured in the strong-field regime in acetophenone by recording the mass spectra as a function of excitation wavelength from 800 to 1500 nm. The ratio of the benzoyl to parent ion signals in the mass spectrum varies significantly with excitation wavelength, where the highest ratio observed upon excitation at 1370 nm (0.90(More)
Alexei N. Markevitch, Dmitri A. Romanov, Stanley M. Smith, H. Bernhard Schlegel, Misha Yu. Ivanov, and Robert J. Levis* Department of Chemistry, Center for Advanced Photonics Research, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA Department of Physics, Center for Advanced Photonics Research, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122,(More)
Human coronavirus (HCV)-229E causes disease only in humans and grows in human cells and in cells of other species that express recombinant human aminopeptidase N (hAPN), the receptor for HCV-229E. We compared the species specificity of HCV-229E infection with the species specificity of virus binding using immunofluorescence, assay of virus yields,(More)
We used strong-field laser pulses that were tailored with closed-loop optimal control to govern specified chemical dissociation and reactivity channels in a series of organic molecules. Selective cleavage and rearrangement of chemical bonds having dissociation energies up to approximately 100 kilocalories per mole (about 4 electron volts) are reported for(More)
The mass spectral detection of low vapor pressure, inorganic-based explosive signatures including ammonium nitrate, chlorate, perchlorate, sugar, and the constituents contained within black powder are reported using laser electrospray mass spectrometry. The ambient pressure mass spectrometry technique combining nonresonant, femtosecond laser vaporization(More)
Intact, nonvolatile, biological macromolecules can be transferred directly from the solid state into the gas phase, in ambient air, for subsequent mass spectral analysis using non-resonant femtosecond (fs) laser desorption combined with electrospray ionization (ESI). Mass spectral measurements for neat samples, including a dipeptide, protoporphyrin IX and(More)
A nonresonant femtosecond laser pulse, with an intensity of 10(13) Wcm(-2), vaporizes proteins and biomolecules intact, regardless of molecular structure, size or electronic structure for subsequent electrospray ionization and transfer into a mass spectrometer. Rapid, direct analysis from dried sample, aqueous solution and cellular material is demonstrated(More)
Quantitative measurements of atenolol, tioconazole, tetraethylammonium bromide, and tetrabutylammonium iodide using laser electrospray mass spectrometry (LEMS) reveal monotonic signal response as a function of concentration for single analytes, two- and four-component equimolar mixtures, and two-component variable molarity mixtures. LEMS analyses of single(More)