Robert J. Levis

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We used strong-field laser pulses that were tailored with closed-loop optimal control to govern specified chemical dissociation and reactivity channels in a series of organic molecules. Selective cleavage and rearrangement of chemical bonds having dissociation energies up to approximately 100 kilocalories per mole (about 4 electron volts) are reported for(More)
Nonlinear optics experiments measuring phase shifts induced in a weak probe pulse by a strong pump pulse must account for coherent effects that only occur when the pump and probe pulses are temporally overlapped. It is well known that a weak probe beam experiences a greater phase shift from a strong pump beam than the pump beam induces on itself. The(More)
Simultaneous spatial and temporal focusing pulses are created using parametric pulse shaping and characterized with scanning SEA TADPOLE. Multiple foci are created with optically-controlled longitudal and transverse spatial positions. The characterized foci are in agreement with the predictions of a Fourier optics model. The measurements reveal significant(More)
High-harmonic generation is a universal response of matter to strong femtosecond laser fields, coherently upconverting light to much shorter wavelengths. Optimizing the conversion of laser light into soft x-rays typically demands a trade-off between two competing factors. Because of reduced quantum diffusion of the radiating electron wave function, the(More)
Recent advances in nonlinear optics and strong-field chemistry highlight the need for calculated properties of organic molecules and their molecular ions for which no experimental values exist. Both static and frequency-dependent properties are required to understand the optical response of molecules and their ions interacting with laser fields. It is(More)
Time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory has been used to study the electronic optical response of a series of linear polyene cations (+1 and +2) in strong laser fields. The interaction of ethylene, butadiene, and hexatriene, with pulsed and CW fields corresponding to 8.75 x 10(13) W/cm(2) and 760 nm, have been calculated using the 6-31G(d,p) basis set.(More)
A nonresonant femtosecond laser pulse, with an intensity of 10(13) Wcm(-2), vaporizes proteins and biomolecules intact, regardless of molecular structure, size or electronic structure for subsequent electrospray ionization and transfer into a mass spectrometer. Rapid, direct analysis from dried sample, aqueous solution and cellular material is demonstrated(More)
For molecules in high intensity oscillating electric fields, the time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) method is used to simulate the behavior of the electronic density prior to ionization. Since a perturbative approach is no longer valid at these intensities, the full TDHF equations are used to propagate the electronic density. A unitary transform approach is(More)
A one-photon ionic resonance is measured in the strong-field regime in acetophenone by recording the mass spectra as a function of excitation wavelength from 800 to 1500 nm. The ratio of the benzoyl to parent ion signals in the mass spectrum varies significantly with excitation wavelength, where the highest ratio observed upon excitation at 1370 nm (0.90(More)
We demonstrate electrospray post-ionization mass spectrometry with an Yb fiber laser producing 500 fs, 50 μJ pulse-bursts, enabling protein, peptide and lipid identification and imaging for the pharmaceutical and biomedical realm.