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As part of a cDNA library screen for clones that induce transformation of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, we have isolated a cDNA encoding the murine homolog of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRP. A point mutation predicted to prevent interaction with Ras abolished the ability of murine RasGRP (mRasGRP) to transform fibroblasts and to activate(More)
In order to identify cDNAs that can induce oncogenic transformation, a retroviral vector was used to transfer a library of cDNAs from the murine 32D hemopoietic cell line into NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. We have identified and recovered a provirus containing a 1.8-kilobase pair cDNA whose expression causes morphological transformation in NIH 3T3 cells. The(More)
We have characterized a flat cellular variant of HTLV-1 Tax-transformed rat fibroblasts, 5R, which is unresponsive to all tested NF-kappaB activating stimuli, and we report here its genetic complementation. The recovered full-length cDNA encodes a 48 kDa protein, NEMO (NF-kappaB Essential MOdulator), which contains a putative leucine zipper motif. This(More)
Numerous factors that can influence the proliferation and differentiation in vitro of cells at various stages of hematopoiesis have been identified, but the mechanisms used by stromal cells to regulate the cycling status of the most primitive human hematopoietic cells are still poorly understood. Previous studies of long-term cultures (LTC) of human marrow(More)
A retroviral vector was used to transfer a large library of cDNAs from the 32D murine hemopoietic cell line to NIH3T3 fibroblasts, for the purpose of selecting cDNAs that induce oncogenic transformation. One highly transformed colony arising in the infected NIH3T3 cell culture contained a provirus with a 1900 bp cDNA insert. After recovery and(More)
a cDNA library transfer system based on retroviral vectors has been developed for expression cloning in mammalian cells. The use of retroviral vectors results in stable cDNA transfer efficiencies which are at least 100-fold higher than those achieved by transfection and therefore enables the transfer and functional screening of very large libraries. In our(More)
The differentiation Ag identified by the mAb M1/69 and J11d (commonly referred to as heat-stable Ag) are found in structurally heterogeneous forms on the surfaces of many types of murine hemopoietic cells. The extinction of expression of these antigens is associated with thymocyte maturation and Ig class switching in B cells, as well as terminal(More)
A locus containing two hsp16 genes in Caenorhabditis elegans has been characterized by DNA sequencing. Each gene encodes a 16-kDa polypeptide which is expressed following heat induction. The two genes, designated hsp16-2 and hsp16-41, are arranged in divergent orientations, and each contains a single intron of 46 and 58 base pairs, respectively. Although(More)
Expression of Thy-1 on hematopoietic cells from human fetal liver (FL), cord blood (CB), and bone marrow (BM) was studied with a novel anti-Thy-1 antibody, 5E10. Specificity of 5E10 for human Thy-1 was demonstrated by immunoprecipitation of a 25-35-kD molecule, and the sequence of a cDNA that was cloned by immunoselection of COS cells transfected with a(More)
The possibility that the Dbl family member Lfc can activate Rac1 in cells is investigated in this study. Previously, we demonstrated that both Lfc and Lsc, like their closest relative Lbc, can act catalytically in stimulating the guanine nucleotide exchange activity of RhoA in vitro. Neither Lfc nor Lsc stimulated the in vitro exchange activity of Cdc42 or(More)