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The C. elegans genome encodes a single Eph receptor tyrosine kinase, VAB-1, which functions in neurons to control epidermal morphogenesis. Four members of the ephrin family of ligands for Eph receptors have been identified in C. elegans. Three ephrins (EFN-1/VAB-2, EFN-2 and EFN-3) have been previously shown to function in VAB-1 signaling. We show that(More)
Lipids comprise the bulk of the dry mass of the brain. In addition to providing structural integrity to membranes, insulation to cells and acting as a source of energy, lipids can be rapidly converted to mediators of inflammation or to signaling molecules that control molecular and cellular events in the brain. The advent of soft ionization procedures such(More)
Leukocyte-common antigen related (LAR)-like phosphatase receptors are conserved cell adhesion molecules that function in multiple developmental processes. The Caenorhabditis elegans ptp-3 gene encodes two LAR family isoforms that differ in the extracellular domain. We show here that the long isoform, PTP-3A, localizes specifically at synapses and that the(More)
Receptor-like protein-tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) form a diverse family of cell surface molecules whose functions remain poorly understood. The LAR subfamily of RPTPs has been implicated in axon guidance and neural development. Here we report the molecular and genetic analysis of the C. elegans LAR subfamily member PTP-3. PTP-3 isoforms are expressed in(More)
Our aim was to develop a liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS2) method to measure free amino acid (FAA) and dipeptide (DP) concentrations in biological fluids. We synthesized chloroformate derivatives of FAA and DP, identified the major precursor ions and used LCMS2 to obtain the most intense product ions. Using(More)
Our aim was to determine changes in free amino acid (FAA) and dipeptide (DP) concentrations in probable Alzheimer’s disease (pAD) subjects compared with control (CT) subjects using liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS2). We recruited gender- and age-matched study participants based on neurological and(More)
(see pages 7517–7528) Receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases include the leukocyte-common antigen related (LAR) family of cell adhesion molecules. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the LAR-like gene ptp-3 encodes two distinct isoforms, PTP-3A and PTP-3B. Compared with PTP-3A, the extracellular domain of PTP-3B lacks the Ig-like domain and the first four(More)
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