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BACKGROUND Increased levels of the inflammatory biomarker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein predict cardiovascular events. Since statins lower levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein as well as cholesterol, we hypothesized that people with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels but without hyperlipidemia might benefit from statin(More)
AIMS To examine the relationship of blood pressure (BP) and BP progression with the subsequent development of type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a prospective cohort study among 38 172 women free of diabetes and cardiovascular disease at baseline. Women were classified into four categories according to self-reported baseline BP (<120/75(More)
BACKGROUND Statins lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and cholesterol concentrations, and hypothesis generating analyses suggest that clinical outcomes improve in patients given statins who achieve hsCRP concentrations less than 2 mg/L in addition to LDL cholesterol less than 1.8 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL). However, the benefit of lowering both LDL(More)
BACKGROUND Although most randomized trials and meta-analyses suggest a slight or no increase in the risk of cancer in statin users, results from observational studies have been conflicting, and some have even suggested a large protective effect of statins on certain cancers. Long-term statin users tend to be healthier, less frail, and more adherent to(More)
Despite the growing popularity of propensity score (PS) methods in epidemiology, relatively little has been written in the epidemiologic literature about the problem of variable selection for PS models. The authors present the results of two simulation studies designed to help epidemiologists gain insight into the variable selection problem in a PS(More)
Although two types of spiral ganglion cells (large type I and smaller type II) have classically been described by anatomic studies in both animal and human spiral ganglion, there is physiologic and morphologic evidence for subtypes of the large type I ganglion cell. In addition, in the animal and human, a variety of morphologic differences based on(More)
The Wilcoxon signed rank test is a frequently used nonparametric test for paired data (e.g., consisting of pre- and posttreatment measurements) based on independent units of analysis. This test cannot be used for paired comparisons arising from clustered data (e.g., if paired comparisons are available for each of two eyes of an individual). To incorporate(More)
Comorbidity is an important confounder in epidemiologic studies. The authors compared the predictive performance of comorbidity scores for use in epidemiologic research with administrative databases. Study participants were British Columbia, Canada, residents aged >or=65 years who received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or calcium channel blockers(More)
BACKGROUND It is uncertain whether high blood pressure increases the risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD). OBJECTIVE To examine the association between incident AD and blood pressure measured up to 13 years before diagnosis. DESIGN Longitudinal cohort study conducted from 1982 to 1988, with blood pressure measured every 3 years in home interviews,(More)
We compared systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in predicting the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), stratifying results at age 60 years, when DBP decreases while SBP continues to increase. We prospectively followed 11 150 male physicians with no history of CVD or(More)