Robert J G Haché

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Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) cycles between a free liganded form that is localized to the nucleus and a heat shock protein (hsp)-immunophilin-complexed, unliganded form that is usually localized to the cytoplasm but that can also be nuclear. In addition, rapid nucleocytoplasmic exchange or shuttling of the receptor underlies its localization. Nuclear import(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) has been implicated in several nuclear processes including transcription, DNA replication, double-stranded DNA break repair, and V(D)J recombination. Linkage of kinase and substrate on DNA in cis is required for efficient phosphorylation. Recruitment of DNA-PK to DNA is by Ku autoantigen, a DNA-end-binding protein(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) exchanges between an active nuclear form and a complexed inactive, steroid-sensitive cytoplasmic form. Using a semi-quantitative indirect immunofluorescence assay to measure the kinetics of subcellular redistribution of GR in response to challenge during G(o), we have found that the ability to bind DNA is an important(More)
Steroid hormone receptors act to regulate specific gene transcription primarily as steroid-specific dimers bound to palindromic DNA response elements. DNA-dependent dimerization contacts mediated between the receptor DNA binding domains stabilize DNA binding. Additionally, some steroid receptors dimerize prior to their arrival on DNA through interactions(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and octamer transcription factors 1 and 2 (Oct-1/2) interact synergistically to activate the transcription of mouse mammary tumor virus and many cellular genes. Synergism correlates with cooperative DNA binding of the two factors in vitro. To examine the molecular basis for these cooperative interactions, we have studied the(More)
NRE1 is a DNA sequence element through which Ku antigen/DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) catalytic subunit represses the induction of mouse mammary tumor virus transcription by glucocorticoids. Although Ku is an avid binder of DNA ends and has the ability to translocate along DNA, we report that direct sequence-specific Ku binding occurs with higher(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) recycles between an inactive form complexed with heat shock proteins (hsps) and localized to the cytoplasm and a free liganded form that regulates specific gene transcription in the nucleus. We report here that, contrary to previous assumptions, association of GR into hsp-containing complexes is not sufficient to prevent the(More)
Glucocorticoids potentiate the early steps of preadipocyte differentiation and promote obesity in Cushing's syndrome and during prolonged steroid therapy. We show that glucocorticoids stimulate 3T3 L1 preadipocyte differentiation through a non-transcriptional mechanism mediated through the ligand-binding domain of the glucocorticoid receptor. This enhanced(More)
Steroid hormone receptors are distinguished from other members of the nuclear hormone receptor family through their association with heat shock proteins and immunophilins in the absence of ligands. Heat shock protein association represses steroid receptor DNA binding and protein-protein interactions with other transcription factors and facilitates hormone(More)
The Ku antigen (70- and 80-kDa subunits) is a regulatory subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) that promotes the recruitment of the catalytic subunit of DNA-PK (DNA-PKcs) to DNA ends and to specific DNA sequences from which the kinase is activated. Ku and DNA-PKcs plays essential roles in double-stranded DNA break repair and V(D)J recombination(More)