Robert J. Fraatz

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A new optical sensor suitable for practical measurement of sodium in serum and whole blood samples is described. The optical sensor is based on a novel PET (photoinduced electron transfer) fluoroionophore immobilized in a hydrophilic polymer layer. The design concept of the fluoroionophore follows the receptor-spacer-fluorophore approach to sensor design(More)
This communication describes a new optical sensor suitable for practical measurement of extracellular (serum or whole blood) potassium. The sensor responds rapidly and reversibly to changes in potassium concentrations typical of whole blood samples. No interferences from clinical concentrations of calcium or pH are observed, and the sodium interference is(More)
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