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Information on the stage of liver fibrosis is essential in managing chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. However, most models for predicting liver fibrosis are complicated and separate formulas are needed to predict significant fibrosis and cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to construct one simple model consisting of routine laboratory data to predict both(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is among the most common causes of acute liver failure in the United States, accounting for approximately 13% of cases. A prospective study was begun in 2003 to recruit patients with suspected DILI and create a repository of biological samples for analysis. This report summarizes the causes,(More)
UNLABELLED The Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) studies hepatotoxicity caused by conventional medications as well as herbals and dietary supplements (HDS). To characterize hepatotoxicity and its outcomes from HDS versus medications, patients with hepatotoxicity attributed to medications or HDS were enrolled prospectively between 2004 and 2013. The(More)
The increase in oral availability of felodipine and other commonly used medications when taken with grapefruit juice has been assumed to be due to inhibition of CYP3A4, a cytochrome P450 that is present in liver and intestine. To evaluate the effect of repeated grapefruit juice ingestion on CYP3A4 expression, 10 healthy men were given 8 oz of grapefruit(More)
Severe acetaminophen hepatotoxicity frequently leads to acute liver failure (ALF). We determined the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of acetaminophen-induced ALF at 22 tertiary care centers in the United States. Detailed prospective data were gathered on 662 consecutive patients over a 6-year period fulfilling standard criteria for ALF (coagulopathy(More)
BACKGROUND Because acute liver failure is rare, related data have been sparse. Studies have suggested that viral hepatitis is the most common underlying cause of this condition. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, presumed causes, and short-term outcomes of acute liver failure. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING 17 tertiary care centers(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network is conducting a prospective study of patients with DILI in the United States. We present characteristics and subgroup analyses from the first 1257 patients enrolled in the study. METHODS In an observational longitudinal study, we began collecting data on eligible individuals with suspected DILI in(More)
Mortality due to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not improved over the last 20 years. This is in part due to the poor performance of available tumor markers leading to delays in diagnosis. Des-gamma carboxy-prothrombin (DCP) has been reported to be more sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of HCC in Japanese patients compared with alpha-fetoprotein(More)
UNLABELLED Treatment of chronic hepatitis C with pegylated interferon (peginterferon) and ribavirin can cause or exacerbate depression but its effects on cognitive function are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment with peginterferon and ribavirin adversely impacts cognitive function in patients with chronic hepatitis C.(More)
UNLABELLED Recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection after liver transplantation (LT) is associated with accelerated progression of liver disease, frequently leading to graft loss and early death. Existing treatment options for severe recurrent HCV infection are limited by suboptimal efficacy, poor tolerability, and numerous drug interactions. We provided(More)