Robert J. Duronio

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The conserved regulators of cell cycle progression--Cyclins, Cdc2 kinase, and String phosphatase (Cdc25)--accommodate multiple modes of regulation during Drosophila embryogenesis. During cell cycles 2-7, Cdc2/Cyclin complexes are continuously present and show little fluctuation in abundance, phosphomodification, or activity. This suggests that cycling of(More)
A great many cell types are necessary for the myriad capabilities of complex, multicellular organisms. One interesting aspect of this diversity of cell type is that many cells in diploid organisms are polyploid. This is called endopolyploidy and arises from cell cycles that are often characterized as "variant," but in fact are widespread throughout nature.(More)
The E2F transcription factor is required for S phase in Drosophila. While it also triggers expression of replication genes at the G1-S transition, the relevance of this transcription is not clear because many of the induced gene products are sufficiently stable that new expression is not required for S phase. However, one unstable product could couple S(More)
The canonical histone proteins are encoded by replication-dependent genes and must rapidly reach high levels of expression during S phase. In metazoans the genes that encode these proteins produce mRNAs that, instead of being polyadenylated, contain a unique 3' end structure. By contrast, the synthesis of the variant, replication-independent histones, which(More)
Replication-associated histone genes encode the only metazoan mRNAs that lack polyA tails, ending instead in a conserved 26-nt sequence that forms a stem-loop. Most of the regulation of mammalian histone mRNA is posttranscriptional and mediated by this unique 3' end. Stem-loop-binding protein (SLBP) binds to the histone mRNA 3' end and is thought to(More)
E2F proteins control cell cycle progression by predominantly acting as either activators or repressors of transcription. How the antagonizing activities of different E2Fs are integrated by cis-acting control regions into a final transcriptional output in an intact animal is not well understood. E2F function is required for normal development in many(More)
E2F transcription factors are key regulators of cell proliferation that are inhibited by pRb family tumor suppressors. pRb-independent modes of E2F inhibition have also been described, but their contribution to animal development and tumor suppression is unclear. Here, we show that S phase-specific destruction of Drosophila E2f1 provides a novel mechanism(More)
Overexpression of the E2F-1 cDNA in mammalian cells disrupts normal control of the cell cycle and drives cells into S phase. Whereas eliminating E2F activity would test its inferred involvement in the G1-S transition, elimination is complicated by the existence of gene families encoding mammalian E2F. Here we identify mutations in a single essential(More)
Histone mRNA metabolism is tightly coupled to cell cycle progression and to rates of DNA synthesis. The recent identification of several novel proteins involved in histone gene transcription and pre-mRNA processing has shed light on the variety of mechanisms cells employ to achieve this coupling.
Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by hamartoma formation in various organs and is caused by mutations targeting either the TSC1 or TSC2 genes. TSC1 and TSC2 proteins form a functionally interdependent dimeric complex. Phosphorylation of either TSC subunit by different kinases regulates the function of TSC and represents(More)