Robert J. Doonan

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BACKGROUND Studies showed that long-standing smokers have stiffer arteries at rest. However, the effect of smoking on the ability of the vascular system to respond to increased demands (physical stress) has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of smoking on arterial stiffness and subendocardial viability ratio, at rest and(More)
There is controversy as to whether there are sex differences in arterial stiffness. Acute physical stress can elicit vascular abnormalities not present at rest. Our objective was to assess sex differences in arterial stiffness at rest and in response to acute physical stress. Healthy young men (n=67) and women (n=55) underwent pulse wave analysis and(More)
"Surgical stress response" is tissue damage postsurgery, leading to a systemic response (inflammation, sympathetic upregulation, and release of vasoactive chemicals), which is typically measured by C-reactive protein (CRP). We assessed arterial stiffness and heart rate variability (HRV)-additional parameters reflecting autonomic and vascular functions-in(More)
A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library to determine the effect of acute, chronic and passive smoking on arterial stiffness and to determine whether these effects are reversible after smoking cessation. A total of 39 relevant studies were identified and included. Acute smoking was found to cause an acute(More)
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to investigate the association between preeclampsia and arterial stiffness. Twenty-three relevant studies were included. A significant increase in all arterial stiffness indices combined was observed in women with preeclampsia vs. women with normotensive(More)
Arterial stiffness plays a critical role in the function of the cardiovascular system as it represents the coupling of the left ventricle and arterial tree. Increased arterial stiffness is associated with a number of cardiovascular complications. Increased stiffness occurs with age and with the development of chronic conditions (e.g., hypertension) and the(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) reduces the risk of cerebrovascular events due to the presence of atherosclerotic plaque in the internal carotid artery. Arterial stiffness is an indicator of cardiovascular risk and strongly associates with the development of atherosclerosis. This study aims to assess the short-term effect of CEA on arterial stiffness(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of cholesterol efflux capacity with carotid atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. APPROACH AND RESULTS Patients with high-grade carotid stenosis (n=154) were recruited from Vascular Surgery clinics and 9 healthy controls from the McGill University Health Network, Montreal, Canada. Cerebrovascular(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to estimate the correlation of echodensity and textural features, using ultrasound and digital image analysis, between plaques in patients with bilateral carotid stenosis. DESIGN Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS Patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were recruited from Vascular Surgery at the Royal Victoria(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea is a prevalent disease that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly due to cardiovascular disease. An emerging cardiovascular risk factor, arterial stiffness, may also be involved in the cardiovascular complications of obstructive sleep apnea. The purpose of this review was to summarize the current(More)