Robert J Chorvat

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Linopirdine (3,3-bis(4-pyridinylmethyl)-1-phenylindolin-2-one, DUP996) is an extensively studied representative of a class of cognition enhancing compounds that increase the evoked release of neurotransmitters. Recent studies suggest that these agents act through the blockade of specific K+ channels. We have recently identified more potent anthracenone(More)
Obesity-related leptin resistance manifests in loss of leptin's ability to reduce appetite and increase energy expenditure. Obesity is also associated with increased activity of the endocannabinoid system, and CB(1) receptor (CB(1)R) inverse agonists reduce body weight and the associated metabolic complications, although adverse neuropsychiatric effects(More)
Screening of our chemical library using a rat corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) receptor assay led to the discovery that 2-anilinopyrimidine 15-1 weakly displaced [125I]-0-Tyr-oCRH from rat frontal cortex homogenates when compared to the known peptide antagonist alpha-helical CRH(9-41) (Ki = 5700 nM vs 1 nM). Furthermore, 15-1 weakly inhibited(More)
Analogs of SLV-319 (Ibipinibant), a CB1 receptor inverse agonist, were synthesized with functionality intended to limit brain exposure while maintaining the receptor affinity and selectivity of the parent compound. Structure activity relationships of this series, and pharmacology of two lead compounds, 16 (JD-5006) and 23 (JD-5037) showing little brain(More)
Antagonists (inverse agonists) of the cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor showed promise as new therapies for controlling obesity and related metabolic function/liver disease. These agents, representing diverse chemical series, shared the property of brain penetration due to the initial belief that therapeutic benefit was mainly based on brain receptor(More)
As described in the preceding paper (Arvanitis et al. J. Med. Chem. 1999, 42), anilinopyrimidines I were identified as potent antagonists of corticotropin-releasing hormone-1 receptor (CRH1-R, also referred to as corticotropin-releasing factor, CRF1-R). Our next goal was to understand the receptor-bound conformation of the antagonists and to use this(More)
The synthesis of cholesteryl esters in cultured human fibroblasts is catalyzed by a microsomal acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (EC The acyltransferase activity is enhanced when fibroblasts take up cholesterol contained in plasma low density lipoprotein. In the current studies two steroids, SC-31769 (an analogue of 7-ketocholesterol)(More)
The synthesis and CRF receptor binding affinities of several new series of N-aryltriazolo- and -imidazopyrimidines and -pyridines are described. These cyclized systems were prepared from appropriately substituted diaminopyrimidines or -pyridines by nitrous acid, orthoester, or acyl halide treatment. Variations of amino (ether) pendants and aromatic(More)
In an effort to improve the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of the cognition-enhancer linopirdine (DuP 996), a number of core structure analogues were prepared in which the 4-pyridyl pendant group was systematically replaced with 2-fluoro-4-pyridyl. This strategy resulted in the discovery of several compounds with improved activity in(More)