Robert J. Bradbury

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Motivated by recent developments impacting our view of Fermi’s paradox (the absence of extraterrestrials and their manifestations from our past light cone), we suggest a reassessment of the problem itself, as well as of strategies employed by SETI projects so far. The need for such reassessment is fueled not only by the failure of SETI thus far, but also by(More)
The modification of radiation-induced apoptosis in splenocytes by a vitamin-containing dietary supplement was studied. For 45 days prior to irradiation at a lethal dose of 6 Gy, mice received a dietary supplement containing vitamins with antioxidant properties and microelements. The expression of TRPM-2 (a marker for programmed cell death), bcl-2 (the(More)
This study attempted to test the hypothesis that the temporal structure of spontaneous speech is modifiable by reinforcing and punishing pauses, of a certain duration, in an operant conditioning situation. Pause rate was significantly affected by these contingencies: moreover, rate of change was rapid, indicating a "prepared" association between pausing and(More)
The level of spontaneous and gamma-radiation-induced mutations in the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (hprt) locus as well as the decrease in frequency of these mutations in mice of various age pretreated with dietary supplements of an antioxidant mixture (vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, rutin, selenium, zinc) were studied in splenocytes of(More)
Exposure of living organisms to various environmental stresses induces the synthesis of so-called shock/stress proteins; many of them can provide either immediate stress protection or participate in cellular repair processes. In the present study we focused our attention on the potential effect of dietary vitamins and microelements with antioxidant(More)
The effect of prolonged consumption of a vitamin-antioxidant mixture (VAM) on the frequency of spontaneous and in vitro gamma-radiation-induced micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes in donors of various ages was investigated. Three groups of donors were recruited: (i) 56-83 years old (35 subjects), (ii) 23-30 years old (13 subjects), and (iii)(More)
The induction of structural lesions and repair in DNA of lymphoid cells from the peripheral blood, spleen and thymus of mice treated with natural mouse interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) 24 and 48 h prior to gamma irradiation were studied using the comet assay and apurinic-apyrimidinic (AP) site radiolabeling. It was demonstrated that the radiation-induced damage(More)
Enhanced delivery of perfumes to interfaces is an important element of their effectiveness in a range of home and personal care products. The role of polyelectrolyte-surfactant mixtures to promote perfume adsorption at interfaces is explored here. Neutron reflectivity, NR, was used to quantify the adsorption of the model perfumes phenylethanol, PE, and(More)
The adsorption of the model perfumes phenyl ethanol, PE, and linalool, LL, at the air-solution interface by coadsorption with the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl 6-benezene sulfonate, LAS-6, has been studied primarily by neutron reflectivity, NR. The variation in the mixed surface adsorption with solution composition is highly nonideal, and the more(More)
The impact of two model perfumes with differing degrees of hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, linalool (LL) and phenylethanol (PE), on the solution structure of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl 6-benzene sulfonate, LAS-6, has been studied by small angle neutron scattering, SANS. For both types of perfume molecules, complex phase behavior is observed. The phase(More)