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Hereditary angio-oedema is an uncommon condition, which usually first presents in childhood. In the absence of appropriate treatment hereditary angio-oedema has a high mortality. There are a number of reports of successful short- and long-term treatment with individual agents in those who suffer from hereditary angio-oedema. However, there is little(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotic supplementation in early life may be effective for preventing eczema. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal administration may be particularly important for beneficial effects. OBJECTIVE We examined whether prenatal treatment with the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) can influence the risk of eczema during infancy.(More)
Probiotics have been advocated for the prevention and treatment of a wide range of diseases, and there is strong evidence for their efficacy in some clinical scenarios. Probiotics are now widely used in many countries by consumers and in clinical practice. Given the increasingly widespread use of probiotics, a thorough understanding of their risks and(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotics have been proposed as an effective treatment for eczema, and recently a number of clinical trials have been undertaken. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of probiotics for the treatment of eczema SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register (to April 2008), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled(More)
BACKGROUND: Eczema is the most common inflammatory skin disease of childhood, characterized by an itchy red rash that usually involves the face and skin folds. There is currently no curative treatment for eczema, so the reduction of eczema incidence through disease prevention is a desirable goal. Potential interventions for preventing eczema include(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of anaphylaxis might be increasing. Data for fatal anaphylaxis are limited because of the rarity of this outcome. OBJECTIVE We sought to document trends in anaphylaxis admissions and fatalities by age, sex, and cause in England and Wales over a 20-year period. METHODS We extracted data from national databases that record(More)
This article presents results of a wide-band measurement campaign conducted at 38 GHz. The objective of the research was to determine multipath and time varying channel behavior of short-hop millimeter-wave point-to-multipoint radio links during various weather events. 73963 power delay profiles (PDPs) were captured on three links, each comparable to(More)
An antenna array is overloaded when the number of cochannel signals in its operating environment exceeds the number of elements. Conventional space-time array processing for narrow-band signals fails in overloaded environments. Overloaded array processing (OAP) is most difficult when signals impinging on the array are near equal power, have tight excess(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether feeding infants with hydrolysed formula reduces their risk of allergic or autoimmune disease. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis, as part of a series of systematic reviews commissioned by the UK Food Standards Agency to inform guidelines on infant feeding. Two authors selected studies by consensus, independently(More)