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There is increasing evidence that the colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) may play a part in chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We examined the involvement of macrophage CSF (M-CSF or CSF-1) and granulocyte CSF (G-CSF) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a murine model of RA. Daily injections of M-CSF or G-CSF, 20-24(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue recruitment of eosinophils and activated lymphocytes is a characteristic feature of allergic reactions. However, little is known about the involvement of specific adhesion molecules in the traffic of leucocytes during the allergic response. OBJECTIVE To use a sheep mammary infusion model to characterize the kinetics of cell recruitment(More)
Mammary glandular tissues and mammary secretions were obtained from sheep at 2-60 d after weaning to study the leucocyte phenotypes associated with mammary involution. From 2-4 d after weaning, neutrophils were the predominant leucocytes in the alveolar and ductal lumina. Lymphocytes were present in the alveolar and ductal epithelium, interalveolar and(More)
PROBLEM Placentation in different large animal species shows a remarkable diversity in the level of trophoblast invasion into the maternal endometrial tissues. We wish to determine the influence of implantation on T-cell responses during pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY Review of the literature and current data. RESULTS alphabeta-TCR+ T cells are only(More)
The immunological and physiological influence of seminal plasma on the local uterine environment was investigated by immunohistochemical and flow cytometrical studies on uterine tissues and lymph nodes taken from gilts after mating with a vasectomised boar and from control, unmated gilts. These studies revealed that mating with a vasectomised boar induces(More)
To establish the cellular basis for the local immune response in the porcine uterus, immunohistochemical studies using a panel of monoclonal antibodies to pig leukocytes were conducted on uterine tissues from prepubertal and cycling gilts. In prepubertal uteri, neutrophils were the most predominant cell type, while MHC class II+ cells and CD2+ T lymphocytes(More)
BACKGROUND IL-4 and IL-13 play a critical yet poorly understood role in orchestrating the recruitment and activation of effector cells of the asthmatic response and driving the pathophysiology of allergic asthma. The house dust mite (HDM) sheep asthma model displays many features of the human condition and is an ideal model to further elucidate the(More)
Intrauterine inflammation is a common antecedent of preterm birth and can alter the development of the fetal thymus, the site of development, and maturation of T lymphocytes. The effects of intrauterine inflammation on specific thymic T lymphocyte populations are largely unknown. We hypothesized that intrauterine inflammation would alter fetal thymic T cell(More)
A novel galectin cDNA (galectin-14) was cloned from ovine eosinophil-rich leukocytes by low stringency reverse transcriptase-PCR and cDNA library screening. Data base searches indicate that this gene encodes a novel prototype galectin that contains one putative carbohydrate recognition domain and exhibits most identity to galectin-9/ecalectin, a potent(More)