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Mechanical unloading of the heart with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) significantly decreases mortality in patients with heart failure. Moreover, it provides a human model to define the critical regulatory genes governing myocardial remodeling in response to significant reductions in wall stress. Statistical analysis of a gene expression library of(More)
Exercise is the most important physiological stimulus for increased myocardial oxygen demand. The requirement of exercising muscle for increased blood flow necessitates an increase in cardiac output that results in increases in the three main determinants of myocardial oxygen demand: heart rate, myocardial contractility, and ventricular work. The(More)
Although high-energy phosphate metabolism is abnormal in failing hearts [congestive heart failure (CHF)], it is unclear whether oxidative capacity is impaired. This study used the mitochondrial uncoupling agent 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) to determine whether reserve oxidative capacity exists during the high workload produced by catecholamine infusion in(More)
To understand how cardiac ATP and CrP remain stable with changes in work rate - a phenomenon that has eluded mechanistic explanation for decades - data from (31)phosphate-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) are analysed to estimate cytoplasmic and mitochondrial phosphate metabolite concentrations in the normal state, during high cardiac workstates,(More)
AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays an important role in regulating myocardial metabolism and protein synthesis. Activation of AMPK attenuates hypertrophy in cultured cardiac myocytes, but the role of AMPK in regulating the development of myocardial hypertrophy in response to chronic pressure overload is not known. To test the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is a eukaryotic initiation factor 2α kinase that inhibits mRNA translation under stress conditions. PKR also mediates inflammatory and apoptotic signaling independently of translational regulation. Congestive heart failure is associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, inflammation, and apoptosis,(More)
Body core temperature in the normothermic range alters infarct size in rabbits. Moreover, temperature may modulate the protection by adenosine during a coronary artery occlusion. We investigated the effect of core temperature within the normothermic range (35-39 degrees C) on myocardial infarct size produced by a 45-min coronary occlusion in open-chest(More)
SUMMARY Hemodynamic data, including simultaneously measured left ventricular and aortic pressures, were obtained from 20 patients with isolated valvular aortic stenosis at rest and during supine leg exercise. Changes in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure during exercise were not significantly related to the severity of aortic stenosis but were(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the accuracy and the sources of error in estimating regional myocardial blood flow and vascular volume from experimental residue functions obtained by external imaging of an intravascular indicator. For the analysis, a spatially distributed mathematical model was used that describes transport through a(More)
This study was designed to measure early sequential changes in blood flow to ischemic regions after acute coronary occlusion and to determine the relationship between blood flow and the extent of subsequent myocardial infarction. Initial studies were carried out on five dogs which verified using radioisotope-labeled microspheres, 7-10 mum in diameter, to(More)