Robert J. Bache

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To understand how cardiac ATP and CrP remain stable with changes in work rate - a phenomenon that has eluded mechanistic explanation for decades - data from (31)phosphate-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) are analysed to estimate cytoplasmic and mitochondrial phosphate metabolite concentrations in the normal state, during high cardiac workstates,(More)
The sensitivity of contrast-enhanced MR first pass perfusion imaging in detection and quantification of hypoperfused myocardium was evaluated using an instrumented, closed-chest dog model where graded regional hypoperfusion was induced by applying predetermined levels of stenosis to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). All measurements were performed(More)
Transmurally localized 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was used to study the effect of severe pressure overload left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on myocardial high energy phosphate content. Studies were performed on 8 normal dogs and 12 dogs with severe left ventricular hypertrophy produced by banding the ascending aorta at 8 wk of age.(More)
This study was performed to determine the myocyte PO(2) required to sustain normal high-energy phosphate (HEP) levels in the in vivo heart. In 10 normal dogs, myocyte PO(2) values were calculated from the myocardial deoxymyoglobin resonance (Mb-delta) intensity determined with (1)H-NMR spectroscopy during sequential flow reductions produced by a hydraulic(More)
We studied the influence of active coronary vasomotion on transmural myocardial perfusion during tachycardia. Regional myocardial blood flow was estimated in chronically prepared awake dogs by injecting radioactive microspheres (7-10 /xm in diameter) into the left atrium. Studies were performed during ventricular pacing at 100, 150, 200, and 250 beats/min(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the role of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH1) in degrading the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitors asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N(g)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). METHODS AND RESULTS We generated a global-DDAH1 gene-deficient (DDAH1(-/-)) mouse strain to examine(More)
The response of myocardial high-energy and inorganic phosphates (HEP and Pi, respectively) and associated changes in myocardial blood flow, lactate uptake, and O2 consumption (MVo2) rates were examined in an open-chest canine model during progressively increasing workloads achieved by catecholamine infusion. HEP and Pi levels (measured with transmurally(More)
This study was designed to measure early sequential changes in blood flow to ischemic regions after acute coronary occlusion and to determine the relationship between blood flow and the extent of subsequent myocardial infarction. Initial studies were carried out on five dogs which verified using radioisotope-labeled microspheres, 7-10 mum in diameter, to(More)
BACKGROUND The underlying mechanisms by which left ventricular remodeling (LVR) leads to congestive heart failure (CHF) are unclear. This study examined the functional and bioenergetic abnormalities associated with postinfarction ventricular remodeling in a new, large animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS Remodeling was induced by circumflex coronary artery(More)