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The production of perfluoroalkylsulfonate (PFOS) derivatives from linear alkyl precursors using electrochemical fluorination is not a clean process but, instead, gives complex mixtures. This study reports the isolation and (19)F NMR characterization of eleven perfluorooctanesulfonate isomers from a commercial mixture. This allowed the quantification of the(More)
Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) and their precursors (PFA-precursors) exist in the environment as linear and multiple branched isomers. These isomers are hypothesized to have different biological properties, but no isomer-specific data are currently available. The present study is the first in a two-part project examining PFA isomer-specific uptake, tissue(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a global contaminant and is currently among the most prominent contaminants in human blood and wildlife samples. Although "total PFOS" (SigmaPFOS) analytical methods continue to be the most commonly used for quantification, recent analytical method developments have made it possible to resolve the various isomers of PFOS(More)
The historical occurrence of Dechlorane Plus (DP) and detection of novel compounds structurally related to DP is described in a dated Lake Ontario sediment core. Our core was collected near the mouth of the Niagara River, which is known to be a major source of DP to the lake. Maximum DP concentrations (920 ng g(-1), dry weight) were observed between 1976(More)
Two major industrial synthetic pathways have been used to produce perfluorinated acids (PFAs) or their precursors: Telomerization and electrochemical fluorination (ECF). Products of telomer and ECF origin can be distinguished by structural isomer profiles. A mixture of linear and branched perfluoroalkyl isomers is associated with ECF. Telomer products(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is the most prominent perfluoroalkyl substance found in the serum of humans and wildlife, yet the major routes by which exposure occurs are not clear. An important issue facing both the scientific and chemical regulatory communities is the extent to which PFOS concentrations in biota are attributable to direct exposure(More)
Samples of potassium perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOSK) from three suppliers were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS/MS for purity and by LC-ESI-MS for the percentage of linear isomer present. Our data indicated that the purity ranged from 80% to 98% and the percentages of linear isomer from 67% to 79%. The proportion of branched isomers present in the samples was also(More)
Very little data is available about the presence of the brominated flame retardant, DBDPE, in the environment. This study reports the characterization of [(13)C(14)]-decabromodiphenylethane and the use of this surrogate standard to positively identify and quantify the presence of DBDPE in sewage sludge samples. The large difference in response factors(More)
In a series of publications Estrada (Estrada, E. J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci. 1996, 36, 844-849; 1997 37, 320-328; 1998, 38, 23-27) employed spectral moments of line graphs in QSPR and QSAR relationship studies of various classes of compounds. A recent paper (Marković, S.; Gutman, I. J. Chem. Inf Comput. Sci. 1999, 39, 289-293) reported that in QSPR and QSAR(More)
This work describes a single and fast approach using a filtering script as a means of prioritizing sample processing of data acquired by GC×GC-TOF MS for the identification of potentially novel persistent and bioaccumulative halogenated chemicals. The proposed script is based on the recognition of a generic halogenated isotope cluster pattern that allows(More)