Robert I. McCrindle

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The historical occurrence of Dechlorane Plus (DP) and detection of novel compounds structurally related to DP is described in a dated Lake Ontario sediment core. Our core was collected near the mouth of the Niagara River, which is known to be a major source of DP to the lake. Maximum DP concentrations (920 ng g(-1), dry weight) were observed between 1976(More)
Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is prepared commercially by bromination of cis,trans,trans-cyclododecatriene (ctt-CDT) and widely used as a flame retardant, particularly in polystyrene foams. Commercial HBCD consists largely of three diastereomers, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-HBCD, the structures of which have been known for many years. Recently, the presence in(More)
Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) and their precursors (PFA-precursors) exist in the environment as linear and multiple branched isomers. These isomers are hypothesized to have different biological properties, but no isomer-specific data are currently available. The present study is the first in a two-part project examining PFA isomer-specific uptake, tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Reported incidences of prostate cancer and masculinization of animals indicate a release of compounds with androgenic properties into the environment. Large numbers of environmental pollutants have been screened to identify such compounds; however, not until recently was 1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (TBECH) identified as the first(More)
Samples of potassium perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOSK) from three suppliers were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS/MS for purity and by LC-ESI-MS for the percentage of linear isomer present. Our data indicated that the purity ranged from 80% to 98% and the percentages of linear isomer from 67% to 79%. The proportion of branched isomers present in the samples was also(More)
1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (TBECH) is used primarily as an additive flame retardant. Technical grade TBECH consists of near equimolar amounts of two (of a possible four) diastereoisomers: rac-(1R,2R)-1,2-dibromo-(4S)-4-((1S)-1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane ((alpha-TBECH) and rac-(1R,2R)-1,2-dibromo-(4S)-4-((1R)-1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane(More)
Two major industrial synthetic pathways have been used to produce perfluorinated acids (PFAs) or their precursors: Telomerization and electrochemical fluorination (ECF). Products of telomer and ECF origin can be distinguished by structural isomer profiles. A mixture of linear and branched perfluoroalkyl isomers is associated with ECF. Telomer products(More)
In a series of publications Estrada (Estrada, E. J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci. 1996, 36, 844-849; 1997 37, 320-328; 1998, 38, 23-27) employed spectral moments of line graphs in QSPR and QSAR relationship studies of various classes of compounds. A recent paper (Marković, S.; Gutman, I. J. Chem. Inf Comput. Sci. 1999, 39, 289-293) reported that in QSPR and QSAR(More)
Mass defect is the difference between the nominal and exact mass of a chemical element or compound. An intrinsic property of polyhalogenated molecules is a uniquely negative mass defect, which readily distinguishes halogenated from non-halogenated compounds in a complex mass spectrum and can be visualized by constructing a mass defect plot. This study(More)
A chlorinated compound (Chlordene Plus, CP), structurally related to Dechloranes (Dec) 602, 603, 604, and Dechlorane Plus (DP), was identified, and concentrations and spatial trends of Dec 602, 603, 604, CP, and DP in tributary sediments of the Laurentian Great Lakes are reported. The dechloranes were widely detected with their concentrations varying(More)