Robert I Glazer

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Although numerous mouse models of breast carcinomas have been developed, we do not know the extent to which any faithfully represent clinically significant human phenotypes. To address this need, we characterized mammary tumor gene expression profiles from 13 different murine models using DNA microarrays and compared the resulting data to those from human(More)
Invasive breast cancer cells have the ability to extend membrane protrusions, invadopodia, into the extracellular matrix (ECM). These structures are associated with sites of active matrix degradation. The amount of matrix degradation associated with the activity of these membrane protrusions has been shown to directly correlate with invasive potential. We(More)
The RNA-binding protein Musashi1 (Msi1) is a positive regulator of Notch-mediated transcription in Drosophila melanogaster and neural progenitor cells and has been identified as a putative human breast stem cell marker. Here we describe a novel functional role for Msi1: its ability to drive progenitor cell expansion along the luminal and myoepithelial(More)
The roles of the protein-serine/threonine kinase, Akt1, in signaling pathways associated with cell motility and extracellular matrix invasion were examined in the immortalized mouse mammary epithelial cell line, COMMA-1D. COMMA-1D cells were engineered to express the avian leukosis subtype A receptor, tv-a, to permit infection by recombinant avian leukosis(More)
BACKGROUND Sex hormones are known to exert direct and indirect effects on cardiovascular function, but their effects on cardiac repolarization have not been elucidated. The repolarization phase of the cardiac action potential or QT interval of the ECG is regulated largely by potassium channels such as the delayed rectifier currents HK2 and IsK. METHODS(More)
The cytokinetic and biochemical effects of 5-fluorouracil and 5-fluorouridine were examined in a human colon carcinoma cell line (HT-29) in culture. Logarithmically growing cells were approximately 100 times more sensitive to the lethal effects of 5-fluorouridine than 5-fluorouracil as measured by colony formation in soft agar medium. A 2-hr exposure of(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in cancer treatment. Resistance of cultured tumor cells to major classes of cytotoxic drugs is frequently due to expression of a plasma membrane P-glycoprotein encoded by MDR genes. We have demonstrated that liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin is more toxic than the free drug and that it modulates MDR(More)
A library of 2'-methoxyethyl-modified antisense oligonucleotides (2'MOE ASO) targeting 1,510 different genes has been developed, validated, and used to identify cell cycle regulatory genes. The most effective molecular target identified was Eg5 (kinesin-like-1), which when inhibited gave the largest increase in 4N DNA in various tumor cells. The Eg5 ASO(More)
The mechanism of action of the cyclopentenyl analogue of cytidine, cCyd, was investigated in human colon carcinoma cell line HT-29. Upon exposure of cells to 10(-6)M cCyd, cell viability was reduced to 20% of control, whereas cytocidal activity was not present after 2 hr of drug exposure. Cell lethality was partially reversible by Urd, Cyd or dCyd at(More)
Transcription factor Sp1 is a phosphoprotein whose level and DNA binding activity are markedly increased in doxorubicin-resistant HL-60 (HL-60/AR) leukemia cells. The trans-activating and DNA binding properties of Sp1 in HL-60/AR cells are stimulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and PKA agonists and inhibited by PKA antagonists as well as by the(More)