Robert Hynson

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New insights into the modular organization and flexibility of the N-terminal half of human cardiac myosin binding protein C (cMyBP-C) and information on the association state of the full-length protein have been deduced from a combined small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and NMR study. SAXS data show that the first five immunoglobulin domains of cMyBP-C,(More)
We present spectroscopic evidence consistent with the presence of a stable tyrosyl radical in partially reduced human monoamine oxidase (MAO) A. The radical forms following single electron donation to MAO A and exists in equilibrium with the FAD flavosemiquinone. Oxidative formation of the tyrosyl radical in MAO is not reliant on neighboring metal centers(More)
The structure of monoamine oxidase B revealed three aromatic amino acid residues within contact distance of the flavin cofactor and a large number of aromatic residues in the substrate binding site. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy can detect alterations in the environment of aromatic residues as a result of ligand binding or redox changes. CD spectra(More)
Reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) are used as antidepressants. The influence of inhibitors such as pirlindole (pyrazinocarbazole) on the redox co-factor (flavin adenine dinucleotide, FAD) is a key factor in the inhibition. The kinetic, spectral, and thermodynamic changes induced by four closely related pirlindole analogues have been(More)
In Bacillus subtilis, the KipI protein is a regulator of the phosphorelay governing the onset of sporulation. KipI binds the relevant sensor histidine kinase, KinA, and inhibits the autophosphorylation reaction. Gene homologues of kipI are found almost ubiquitously throughout the bacterial kingdom and are usually located adjacent to, and often fused with,(More)
Mechanisms for transcription factor recognition of specific DNA base sequences are well characterized and recent studies demonstrate that the shape of these cognate binding sites is also important. Here, we uncover a new mechanism where the transcription factor GabR simultaneously recognizes two cognate binding sites and the shape of a 29 bp DNA sequence(More)
Tail-interacting protein of 47 kDa (TIP47) has two putative functions: lipid biogenesis and mannose 6-phosphate receptor recycling. Progress in understanding the molecular details of these two functions has been hampered by the lack of structural data on TIP47, with a crystal structure of the C-terminal domain of the mouse homolog constituting the only(More)
Large protein complexes assemble spontaneously, yet their subunits do not prematurely form unwanted aggregates. This paradox is epitomized in the bacterial flagellar motor, a sophisticated rotary motor and sensory switch consisting of hundreds of subunits. Here we demonstrate that Escherichia coli FliG, one of the earliest-assembling flagellar motor(More)
Heterotetrameric sarcosine oxidase (TSOX) is a complex bifunctional flavoenzyme that contains two flavins. Most of the FMN in recombinant TSOX is present as a covalent adduct with an endogenous ligand. Enzyme denaturation disrupts the adduct, accompanied by release of a stoichiometric amount of sulfide. Enzyme containing>or=90% unmodified FMN is prepared by(More)