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Many damage-sensing neurons express tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant voltage-gated sodium channels. Here we examined the role of the sensory-neuron-specific (SNS) TTX-resistant sodium channel alpha subunit in nociception and pain by constructing sns-null mutant mice. These mice expressed only TTX-sensitive sodium currents on step depolarizations from normal(More)
The localization of substance P in brain regions that coordinate stress responses and receive convergent monoaminergic innervation suggested that substance P antagonists might have psychotherapeutic properties. Like clinically used antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs, substance P antagonists suppressed isolation-induced vocalizations in guinea pigs. In a(More)
ATP activates damage-sensing neurons (nociceptors) and can evoke a sensation of pain. The ATP receptor P2X3 is selectively expressed by nociceptors and is one of seven ATP-gated, cation-selective ion channels. Here we demonstrate that ablation of the P2X3 gene results in the loss of rapidly desensitizing ATP-gated cation currents in dorsal root ganglion(More)
Recent studies have shown that there are two isoforms of cyclooxygenases. The constitutive form, cyclooxygenase 1 (COX-1), is believed to be involved in the maintenance of physiological functions. A second isoform, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), has been shown to be induced in inflammation. In the present study, the pharmacology of a selective inhibitor of(More)
This study used intravital microscopy to measure the diameter of dural arteries in anaesthetized rats. Electrical stimulation of the surface of a closed cranial window produced increases in dural vessel diameter which were blocked by the CGRP receptor antagonist human-alpha CGRP(8-37) but unaffected by the NK1 receptor antagonist RP67580. Sumatriptan (3 and(More)
AIMS We compared the vasoconstrictor effects of 5-HT with those of the selective 5-HT1B/1D-receptor agonists sumatriptan and rizatriptan in human isolated cranial (middle meningeal) arteries. In addition selective 5-HT1B- or 5-HT1D-receptor antibodies were used in combination with semiquantitative immunohistochemical techniques to compare the levels of(More)
The anti-emetic profile of the novel brain penetrant tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist MK-0869 (L-754,030) 2-(R)-(1-(R)-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenylethoxy)-3-(S)-(4-fluor o)phenyl-4-(3-oxo-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)methylmorpholine and its water soluble prodrug, L-758,298, has been examined against emesis induced by cisplatin in ferrets. In a 4 h observation(More)
Bradykinin has been implicated in nociception and inflammation. To examine the relative significance of B1 and B2 bradykinin receptor subtypes in sympathetic and sensory ganglia, the electrophysiological effects of bradykinin analogues and the expression of receptor subtype mRNA were examined in wild-type and "B2 knockout" mice from which the B2 receptor(More)
The cerebral circulation is innervated by calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) containing fibers originating in the trigeminal ganglion. During a migraine attack, there is a release of CGRP in conjunction with the head pain, and triptan administration abolishes both the CGRP release and the pain at the same time. In the search for a novel treatment of(More)
The present study investigated the regional distribution of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor containing the NR2B subunit protein in rat lumbar spinal cord and examined whether selective NR2B antagonists would exhibit antinociception with reduced side-effect liability than subtype non-selective NMDA antagonists and anticonvulsants. Immunocytochemical(More)