Robert Harrison

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A 10-aa motif in transmembrane helix 1 of diphtheria toxin that is conserved in anthrax edema factor, anthrax lethal factor, and botulinum neurotoxin serotypes A, C, and D was identified by blast, clustal w, and meme computational analysis. Using the diphtheria toxin-related fusion protein toxin DAB(389)IL-2, we demonstrate that introduction of the L221E(More)
The delivery of the diphtheria toxin catalytic domain (DTA) from acidified endosomes into the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells requires protein-protein interactions between the toxin and a cytosolic translocation factor (CTF) complex. A conserved peptide motif, T1, within the DT transmembrane helix 1 mediates these interactions. Because the T1 motif is also(More)
Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH, EC 1.1.1.204) is a molybdenum iron-sulphur flavin hydroxylase which oxidizes a variety of purines, pterins and other heterogenic nitrogen compounds, serving as a rate-limiting enzyme in nucleic acid degradation. In this work, we have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones of human liver XDH. The obtained cDNA covers 4577 bases of(More)
Non-covalent and covalent homo-oligomerization of membrane proteins regulates their subcellular localization and function. Here, we described a novel oligomerization mechanism affecting solute carrier family 30 member 3/zinc transporter 3 (SLC30A3/ZnT3). Oligomerization was mediated by intermolecular covalent dityrosine bonds. Using mutagenized ZnT3(More)
Mutations in Vps33 isoforms cause pigment dilution in mice (Vps33a, buff) and Drosophila (car) and the neurogenic arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction and cholestasis syndrome in humans (ARC1, VPS33B). The later disease is also caused by mutations in VIPAS39, (Vps33b interacting protein, apical-basolateral polarity regulator, SPE-39 homolog; ARC2), a protein(More)
The translocation of the diphtheria toxin catalytic domain from the lumen of early endosomes into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells is an essential step in the intoxication process. We have previously shown that the in vitro translocation of the catalytic domain from the lumen of toxin pre-loaded endosomal vesicles to the external medium requires the addition(More)
DtxR-type metal ion-dependent repressors, present in many bacterial pathogens, may regulate expression of virulence genes such as that encoding diphtheria toxin. SirR, a DtxR homologue initially identified in Staphylococcus epidermidis, governs the expression of the adjacent sitABC operon encoding a putative metal ion ABC transporter system. We identified a(More)
Much is known about the structure function relationships of a large number of bacterial protein toxins, the nature of their cell surface receptors, and their enzymatic activities which lead to the inactivation of their respective cytosolic targets. Despite this wealth of knowledge a detailed understanding of the mechanisms which underlie translocation of(More)
The EF-hand calcium-binding loop III from calmodulin was inserted with glycine linkers into the scaffold protein CD2.D1 at three locations to study site-specific calcium binding properties of EF-hand motifs. After insertion, the host protein retains its native structure and forms a 1:1 metal-protein complex for calcium and its analog, lanthanum.(More)