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The Thai government began an HIV-control programme in 1989. The programme had the following parts: the government bought and distributed sufficient condoms to protect much of the commercial sex in the country; sanctions were brought against commercial sex establishments where condoms were not used consistently; and a media campaign bluntly advised men to(More)
In 1989, in response to growing HIV seroprevalences among intravenous drug users and low-fee commercial sex workers in northern Chiang Mai, the Government of Thailand launched a massive expansion of its HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Program. The most ambitious, innovative aspect of this effort was the 100% Condom Program established in 1991 to enforce(More)
The HIV/AIDS epidemic which broke out in Thailand 1988 was mainly caused by the widespread patronage of prostitutes. The Thai authorities responded with programmes which encouraged the use of condoms in commercial sex. These programmes were highly successful. However, prostitution has changed since the beginning of the epidemic, partly for economic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term safety of nonsurgical sterilization with quinacrine. DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING Rural provinces in northern Vietnam. PATIENT(S) Two thousand eight hundred forty women who had had quinacrine insertions and an age-matched comparison group of 1,658 women who had an intrauterine device (IUD) insertion(More)
This report presents the first population-based estimates of maternal mortality in Vietnam. All the deaths of women aged 15-49 in 1994-95 in three provinces of Vietnam were identified and classified by cause. Maternal mortality was the fifth most frequent cause of death. The maternal mortality ratio was 155 deaths per 100,000 live births. This ratio(More)
In 1967 Bougue and Palmore computed a set of equations from empirical data to estimate fertility rates from indirect measures of fertility. The most important of these was the child-woman ratio. In 1967 Rele used the theory of stable populations to derive a set of equations for converting the child-woman ratio into the gross reproductive rate. These(More)
A retrospective study of quinacrine sterilization in Vietnam. Acknowledgements Funding for the study described in this report was provided by the Buffett Foundation and Family Health International. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Buffett Foundation or of Family Health International. The(More)