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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine, by treatment plan comparison along with normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) modeling, whether a subpopulation of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) could be identified that would gain substantial benefit from proton therapy in terms of NTCP. METHODS AND MATERIALS For 45(More)
Purpose To determine the effect of more than 20 serial injections of macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) on the signal intensity (SI) of the dentate nucleus (DN) on unenhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Materials and Methods In this retrospective, institutional review board-approved study, 33 patients who underwent at least(More)
PURPOSE To explore in a prospective trial the prognostic value of hypoxia imaging before and during radiochemotherapy in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-five patients with stage III/IV head and neck cancer were investigated with [(18)F]-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET/CT at four time points during(More)
Purpose To determine the effect of at least five serial injections of the macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) gadoterate meglumine on the signal intensity (SI) of the dentate nucleus (DN) of the pediatric brain on nonenhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Materials and Methods In this retrospective, institutional review(More)
BACKGROUND Brain tumor surgeries are associated with a high technical and personal effort. The required interactions between the surgeon and the technical components, such as neuronavigation, surgical instruments and intraoperative imaging, are complex and demand innovative training solutions and standardized evaluation methods. Phantom-based training(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour hypoxia can be measured by FMISO-PET and negatively impacts local tumour control in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) undergoing radiotherapy. The aim of this post hoc analysis of a prospective clinical trial was to investigate the spatial variability of FMISO hypoxic subvolumes during radio-chemotherapy and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pronounced early side effects have been suggested to be a positive prognostic factor in patients undergoing chemo-radio-therapy (CRT) for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). We assessed the utility of positron emission tomography (PET) during treatment to analyze the correlation of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in(More)
BACKGROUND To determine by treatment plan comparison differences in toxicity risk reduction for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) from proton therapy either used for complete treatment or sequential boost treatment only. MATERIALS AND METHODS For 45 HNSCC patients, intensity-modulated photon (IMXT) and proton (IMPT) treatment(More)
More than 3.5 million invasive coronary angiographies (ICA) are performed in Europe annually. Approximately 2 million of these invasive procedures might be reduced by noninvasive tests because no coronary intervention is performed. Computed tomography (CT) is the most accurate noninvasive test for detection and exclusion of coronary artery disease (CAD). To(More)
For special applications in diagnostics for oncology the analysis of imaging data from Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is obfuscated by low contrast and high noise. To deal with this issue we propose a segmentation algorithm based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) and evolutionary selection of ants for self reproduction. The self reproduction approach is(More)