Robert H. te Poele

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Often the use of cytotoxic drugs in cancer therapy results in stable disease rather than regression of the tumor, and this is typically seen as a failure of treatment. We now show that DNA damage is able to induce senescence in tumor cells expressing wild-type p53. We also show that cytotoxics are capable of inducing senescence in tumor tissue in vivo. Our(More)
HM74 and HM74a have been identified as receptors for niacin. HM74a mediates the pharmacological anti-lipolytic effects of niacin in adipocytes by reducing intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) and inhibiting release of free fatty acids into the circulation. In macrophages, niacin induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma)-dependent and(More)
The Aurora family of serine/threonine kinases is important for the regulation of centrosome maturation, chromosome segregation, and cytokinesis during mitosis. Overexpression of Aurora kinases in mammalian cells leads to genetic instability and transformation. Increased levels of Aurora kinases have also been linked to a broad range of human tumors. Here,(More)
Carcinogens induce complex transcriptional responses in cells that may hold key mechanistic information. Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) modulation of transcription may occur through the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) or through responses to DNA damage. To characterize further the expression profiles induced by BaP in HepG2 and MCF-7 cells obtained(More)
Most modern chemo- and radiotherapy treatments of human cancers use the DNA damage pathway, which induces a p53 response leading to either G1 arrest or apoptosis. However, such treatments can induce mutations and translocations leading to secondary malignancies or recurrent disease, which often have a poor prognosis because of resistance to therapy. Here we(More)
Gliomas are primary brain tumors with poor prognosis that exhibit frequent abnormalities in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3 kinase) signaling. We investigated the molecular mechanism of action of the isoform-selective class I PI3 kinase and mTOR inhibitor PI-103 in human glioma cells. The potent inhibitory effects of PI-103 on the PI3 kinase pathway were(More)
Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the active metabolite of cannabis. THC causes cell death in vitro through the activation of complex signal transduction pathways. However, the role that the cannabinoid 1 and 2 receptors (CB1-R and CB2-R) play in this process is less clear. We therefore investigated the role of the CB-Rs in mediating apoptosis in 3(More)
We review in detail how gene expression microarray technology is benefiting all phases of the discovery, development and subsequent use of new cancer therapeutics. Global gene expression profiling is valuable in cancer classification, elucidation of biochemical pathways and the identification of potential targets for novel molecular therapeutics. We(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor seliciclib (R-roscovitine, CYC202) shows promising antitumor activity in preclinical models and is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials. Inhibition of the CDKs by seliciclib could contribute to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis seen with the drug. However, it is common for drugs to exert multiple effects on(More)
With the imminent completion of the Human Genome Project, biomedical research is being revolutionised by the ability to carry out investigations on a genome wide scale. This is particularly important in cancer, a disease that is caused by accumulating abnormalities in the sequence and expression of a number of critical genes. Gene expression microarray(More)