Robert H Settlage

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As a follow-up of our study of pregnant women, we report effects of zinc supplementation during pregnancy in another population of 138 Hispanic teenagers in Los Angeles. Teenagers were randomized (double-blind) to a control or zinc-supplemented group and received similar daily vitamin and mineral supplements except for 20 mg zinc added to the(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate what aspects of the stillbirth evaluation are considered to be essential and what tests can potentially be eliminated. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis of 745 stillbirths occurring from January 1990 to December 1994 was conducted. A stillbirth was defined by an estimated gestational age >20 weeks' gestational age or(More)
BACKGROUND Retesting 3 to 4 months after treatment for those infected with chlamydia and/or gonorrhea has been recommended. GOAL We compared various methods of encouraging return for retesting 3 months after treatment for chlamydia or gonorrhea. STUDY In study 1, participants were randomly assigned to: 1) brief recommendation to return, 2) intervention(More)
Women of low socioeconomic status (SES) are known to have a higher incidence of low birthweight (LBW) infants who are a major source of neonatal mortality and morbidity. SES, however, does not define a homogeneous population. If prenatal programs could be oriented specifically toward women of higher risk within the low SES population, they should be more(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the prematurity rate in infants of HIV-positive mothers and to characterize the incidence and severity of neonatal respiratory disease in this population. STUDY DESIGN From 1990 to 1994, 600 live-born infants of HIV-infected mothers were enrolled prenatally (73%) or postnatally (27%) from five U.S. centers. Logistic(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the incidence of massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) associated with fetal death and to test the hypothesis that FMH is more likely to occur in those with risk factors for FMH. STUDY DESIGN All cases of fetal death of infants weighing > 500 gm between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 1994 were reviewed for evidence of massive FMH (>(More)
Anopheles stephensi is the key vector of malaria throughout the Indian subcontinent and Middle East and an emerging model for molecular and genetic studies of mosquito-parasite interactions. The type form of the species is responsible for the majority of urban malaria transmission across its range. Here, we report the genome sequence and annotation of the(More)
Vitamin B-6 status was assessed by measuring erythrocyte glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (EGPT) indices in 122 pregnant Hispanic teenagers. Seventeen percent were vitamin B-6 deficient (EGPT indices greater than 1.25) at the initial interview (first or second trimester). A daily supplement of 5 mg vitamin B-6, beginning at initial interview, did not reduce(More)
OBJECTIVE:To report the incidence of massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) associated with fetal death and to test the hypothesis that FMH is more likely to occur in those with risk factors for FMH.STUDY DESIGN:All cases of fetal death of infants weighing >500 gm between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 1994 were reviewed for evidence of massive FMH (≥2%(More)
In an effort to elucidate how physicians in the Los Angeles area regard family planning services and how they actually make them available to their patients, a mail survey of a sample of physicians was undertaken in the summer of 1972. Of the 992 questionnaires sent out, 628 usable questionnaires were returned. 70% of the physicians indicated that they(More)