Robert H O'Neil

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We have determined the crystal structure of dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS) from Cryptosporidium hominis, revealing a unique linker domain containing an 11-residue alpha-helix that has extensive interactions with the opposite DHFR-TS monomer of the homodimeric enzyme. Analysis of the structure of DHFR-TS from C. hominis and of(More)
BACKGROUND Using fixed receptor sites derived from high-resolution crystal structures in structure-based drug design does not properly account for ligand-induced enzyme conformational change and imparts a bias into the discovery and design of novel ligands. We sought to facilitate the design of improved drug leads by defining residues most likely to change(More)
  • A C Anderson, R H O'Neil, W L DeLano, R M Stroud
  • Biochemistry
  • 1999
Thymidylate synthase (TS), a half-the-sites reactive enzyme, catalyzes the final step in the de novo biosynthesis of deoxythymidine monophosphate, dTMP, required for DNA replication. The cocrystal structure of TS from Pneumocystis carinii (PcTS), a new drug target for an important pathogen, with its substrate, deoxyuridine monophosphate (dUMP), and a(More)
We report direct femtosecond measurements of the excited state dynamics of hematoporphyrin derivative (HpD) in solution. The dynamics are found to be very sensitive to the solvent and pH of aqueous solutions. The decay of the excited singlet states is much faster in acidic and pH 7 buffer aqueous solutions (< 230 ps) than in basic aqueous solutions or(More)
The X-ray crystal structure of a brominated RNA helix with four mismatched base pairs and sequence r(UG(Br)C(Br)CAGUUCGCUGGC)(2) was determined to 2.1 A using the methods of multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) applied to the bromine K-absorption edge. There are three molecules in the asymmetric unit with unique crystal-packing environments,(More)
The ternary complex crystal structures of Cryptococcus neoformans and Escherichia coli thymidylate synthase (TS) suggest mechanisms of species-specific inhibition of a highly conserved protein. The 2.1 Angstrom structure of C. neoformans TS cocrystallized with substrate and the cofactor analog CB3717 shows that the binding sites for substrate and cofactor(More)
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