Robert H. McCluer

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Male C57BL/6J mice were shown to excrete in their urine approximately 50 times as much glycolipid as do female mice. These lipids were primarily galabiglycosylceramides and globotriglycosylceramides which contained nonhydroxy and hydroxy fatty acids, sphingosine, and phytosphingosine as components of their ceramide moieties. The lipids were shown to be(More)
The kidney and urine glycosphingolipids of five pigmentation mutants which are known to have altered secretion of kidney lysosomal enzymes were examined. Among 34 pigmentation mutants which have been studied (Novak, E. K., Wieland, F., Jahreis, G. P., and Swank, R. T. (1980) Biochem. Genet. 18, 549-561) eight are known to have a 1.5- to 2.5-fold increase in(More)
A quantitative high performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of neutral glycosylceramides as their perbenzoyl derivatives has been devised. Samples containing more than 2.5 nmol each of mono-, di-, tri-, and tetraglycosylceramide are benzoylated with 10% benzoyl chloride in pyridine at 37degrees C for 16 hr. The products are separated from(More)
We reexamined the binding specificity of the Shiga-like toxin variant associated with porcine edema disease, SLT2e, which is reported to be more cytotoxic for Vero cells than for HeLa cells, by using receptor-deficient cells and a liposomal insertion system for purified glycolipids. We found that SLT2e preferentially uses globotetraosylceramide as a(More)
The use of Sep-Pak C18 reverse-phase cartridges to adsorb gangliosides from aqueous solutions was studied. When upper phases formed from chloroform-methanol tissue extracts or aqueous salt solutions containing gangliosides are rapidly passed through the cartridges, the lipids are retained and the non-lipid components can be washed through. Gangliosides and(More)
Primary kidney cultures from C57BL/6J mice, 6 weeks of age or older, were produced using D-valine medium to select for epithelial cell growth. After allowing the cells to attach and proliferate for 1 week following plating, medium was changed once per week. Cells formed nearly confluent monolayers during the second week of culture. The cultured cells(More)
This report describes a convenient, highly sensitive, and reproducible HPLC procedure for the quantitative analysis of gangliosides from brain tissues. The procedure involves the conversion of gangliosides to their perbenzoyl derivatives, isolation of the derivatives on a C18-reversed-phase cartridge, separation of the derivatives on a column (3-micron(More)
Histopathologic, ultrastructural and Golgi impregnation studies disclosed lesions characteristic of a neuronal lysosomal storage disease in related sheep with onset of neurologic signs at 4-6 months. Biochemical and enzymatic evaluation disclosed storage of GM1 ganglioside, asialo-GM1, and neutral long chain oligosaccharides in brain, urinary excretion of(More)
Human milk protects suckling mice from the diarrheagenic effects of heat-stabile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (ST). To identify the human milk fraction responsible for this protection, pooled skimmed, deproteinated milk was passed through charcoal, whereupon lactose was separated from the oligosaccharides. The oligosaccharides contained ST-protective(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that male C57BL/6J mice excrete into the urine multilamellar lysosomal bodies that contain specific neutral glycosphingolipids. These mice excrete approximately 20-30% of their kidney glycolipids each day. The significance and function of this secretion of multilamellar lysosomal organelles is unknown. To(More)