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Fibre-optic biosensors for Hg and As were developed by attaching alginate-immobilised recombinant luminescent Hg- and As-sensor bacteria onto optical fibres. The optimised biosensors (consisting of seven layers of fibre-attached bacteria pre-grown till mid-logarithmic growth phase) enabled quantification of environmentally relevant concentrations of the(More)
The possible causes of the enhanced risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) were examined in morbidly obese women with normoglycemia, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) before and after gastric bypass surgery. Compared with age-matched lean women, plasma lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations of the obese(More)
Leptin, the product of the ob gene, is an adipose tissue-derived hormone that appears to regulate both satiety and thermogenesis. In the present report, we have reexamined the relationship between circulating leptin concentration and body fat in humans using a more valid measure of adiposity (hydrodensitometry) and have extended these observations to(More)
At the EILATox-Oregon Workshop, nine luminescent whole-cell bacterial sensors were used for the determination of bioavailable metals in blind samples (17 synthetic and 3 environmental). A non-inducible luminescent control strain was used to determine sample matrix effects and bacterial toxicity. Whole-cell bacterial sensors capable of determining arsenic,(More)
We describe herein the construction of a novel computerized multi-sample temperature-controlled luminometer for a fiber array-based biosensor to monitor circulating phagocyte activity. It can perform simultaneously integral measurements of chemiluminescence emitted from up to six samples containing less than 0.5 microl whole blood while the samples and(More)
Hormone replacement therapy has been shown to decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in menopausal women. In this cross-sectional study, we addressed the following question: What effects would combined oral hormone replacement therapy have on plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles independent of the other known CHD risk factors? We analyzed the(More)
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a distinct lipoprotein of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) class. Research has shown that elevated Lp(a) is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether fitness was associated with Lp(a) concentrations. Cardiorespiratory (CR) fitness, assessed by(More)