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With the rapid implementation of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programs, a test of middle-ear function for infants is urgently needed. Recent evidence suggests that 1 kHz tympanometry may be effective. Normative data are presented for newborn intensive care unit (NICU) graduates tested at a mean age of 3.9 weeks (Study 1) and full-term infants(More)
The normal maturational course of tympanometric shape, static aural acoustic admittance and ear canal wall characteristics were investigated in healthy infants, who were followed at various time intervals in the first 4 months of life. Susceptance and conductance tympanograms were recorded from both ears of each subject at four probe frequencies or more. In(More)
Tympanograms were obtained from normal preschool and adult subjects with a prototype hand-held tympanometer to obtain normative values for four tympanometric variables: static admittance, equivalent ear canal volume, tympanometric peak pressure, and gradient. Effects of age group, sex, and pump speed (200 or 400 daPa/s) were determined. The results were(More)
Acoustic impedance/reflectance measurements were made at various ear-canal pressures in 20 subjects with a clinical acoustic immittance instrument and an experimental impedance/reflectance system. Measurements were made over a frequency range of 226-2000 Hz with the clinical system and 125-11,310 Hz with the experimental system. For frequencies < or = 2.0(More)
This investigation was undertaken to explore the feasibility of screening for hearing impairment in an intensive care nursery population with a combined acoustic stapedius reflex-ABR approach. Acoustic reflex threshold measurements (AR) were made on intensive care nursery patients in an existing ABR screening program. Pass-fail results were determined for(More)
As audiology strives for cost containment, standardization, accuracy of tests, and accountability, greater use of automated tests is likely. Highly skilled audiologists employ quality control factors that contribute to test accuracy, but they are not formally included in test protocols, resulting in a wide range of accuracy, owing to the various skill and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives were to measure the occlusion effect produced by three earphones-circumaural, supra-aural, and insert-and to compare air- and bone-conduction thresholds obtained with manual and automated methods for subjects with sensorineural hearing loss. DESIGN Acoustic and psychoacoustic occlusion effects were measured with each earphone.(More)
PURPOSE The rationale for automating pure-tone audiometry based on the need for hearing tests and the capacity of audiologists to provide testing is presented. The personnel time savings from automated testing are analyzed. Some possible effects of automated testing on the profession are explored. METHOD Need for testing was based on prevalence of hearing(More)