Robert H. Margolis

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With the rapid implementation of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programs, a test of middle-ear function for infants is urgently needed. Recent evidence suggests that 1 kHz tympanometry may be effective. Normative data are presented for newborn intensive care unit (NICU) graduates tested at a mean age of 3.9 weeks (Study 1) and full-term infants(More)
Tympanograms were obtained from normal preschool and adult subjects with a prototype hand-held tympanometer to obtain normative values for four tympanometric variables: static admittance, equivalent ear canal volume, tympanometric peak pressure, and gradient. Effects of age group, sex, and pump speed (200 or 400 daPa/s) were determined. The results were(More)
The normal maturational course of tympanometric shape, static aural acoustic admittance and ear canal wall characteristics were investigated in healthy infants, who were followed at various time intervals in the first 4 months of life. Susceptance and conductance tympanograms were recorded from both ears of each subject at four probe frequencies or more. In(More)
This investigation was undertaken to explore the feasibility of screening for hearing impairment in an intensive care nursery population with a combined acoustic stapedius reflex-ABR approach. Acoustic reflex threshold measurements (AR) were made on intensive care nursery patients in an existing ABR screening program. Pass-fail results were determined for(More)
Acoustic impedance/reflectance measurements were made at various ear-canal pressures in 20 subjects with a clinical acoustic immittance instrument and an experimental impedance/reflectance system. Measurements were made over a frequency range of 226-2000 Hz with the clinical system and 125-11,310 Hz with the experimental system. For frequencies < or = 2.0(More)
Three studies are reported assessing the validity of AMTAS, an automated method for obtaining an audiogram, including air- and bone-conduction thresholds (stimuli delivered by a forehead-placed transducer) with masking noise presented to the non-test ear. In Study 1, six subjects at each of three sites were tested using manual audiometry by two audiologists(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives were to measure the occlusion effect produced by three earphones-circumaural, supra-aural, and insert-and to compare air- and bone-conduction thresholds obtained with manual and automated methods for subjects with sensorineural hearing loss. DESIGN Acoustic and psychoacoustic occlusion effects were measured with each earphone.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between extended-high-frequency (EHF) hearing losses and wideband middle ear impedance in children with chronic otitis media (OM) histories. DESIGN Children with OM histories were selected from a prospective study cohort if they had normal tympanograms, no air-bone gaps, and no otoscopic(More)