Robert H. Marchessault

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Shake flask experiments showed that Pseudomonas oleovorans began to be growth inhibited at 4.65 g of sodium octanoate liter, with total inhibition at 6 g liter. In chemostat studies with 2 g of ammonium sulfate and 8 g of octanoate liter in the feed, the maximum specific growth rate was 0.51 h, and the maximum specific rate of poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoate(More)
Pseudomonas resinovorans produced poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) when grown on hydrocarbons but not on glucose. In a chemostat culture, the PHA composition was beta-hydroxybutyrate (C4)-beta-hydroxyhexanoate (C6)-beta-hydroxyoctanoate (C8)-beta-hydroxydecanoate (C10) (1:15:75:9) on octanoate and C4-C6-C8-C10 (8:62:23:7) on hexanoic acid. Contrary to the(More)
Taxanes are potent antimitotic agents that have demonstrated efficacy in a wide range of malignancies. Due to their poor water-solubility, these cytostatic drugs were first formulated with low molecular weight surfactants, e.g. Cremophor EL (CrEL) and Tween 80 (polysorbate 80), which are known to exhibit serious adverse effects in humans. In recent years,(More)
The three dimensional solubility parameters defined by Hansen are based on dispersion forces between structural units, interaction between polar groups and hydrogen bonding. For polar polymers such as poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), P(3HA), this approach was used to obtain the three coordinates of a solubility parameter in terms of: a dispersion part, a polar(More)
The thermal degradation of the biodegradable bacterial polyesters poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), PHB, poly(3-hydroxyvalerate), PHV, and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate), 0-21 mol % of hydroxyvalerate, was studied. At moderately low temperatures (170-200 degrees C), the main product is a well-defined oligomer, especially a 500-10,000 g/mol(More)
In many skeletal support systems of plants and animals, cellulose, chitin, and collagen occur in the form of microfibrils ordered in a chiral nematic fashion (helicoids). However, these structures remain poorly understood due to the many constituents present in biological tissues. Here we report an in vitro system that attracts by its simplicity. Only one(More)
The discovery and chemical identification, in the 1920s, of the aliphatic polyester: poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), PHB, as a granular component in bacterial cells proceeded without any of the controversies which marked the recognition of macromolecules by Staudinger. Some thirty years after its discovery, PHB was recognized as the prototypical biodegradable(More)