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Caused by a complex of Fusarium species including F. culmorum, F. graminearum, and F. pseudograminearum, Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is an important cereal disease worldwide. For this study, Fusarium population dynamics were examined in spring wheat residues sampled from dryland field locations near Bozeman and Huntley, MT, using a quantitative real-time(More)
PURPOSE Injury to the innominate artery may represent a zone I cervical, thoracic outlet, or intrathoracic vascular injury and poses diagnostic, exposure, and management problems for the general, vascular, and thoracic surgeon. This complex injury often becomes a new learning experience with each infrequent encounter. METHODS Between 1960 and 1992 43(More)
Gunshot injuries across the cervical midline are not addressed in existing trauma algorithms. A retrospective study of 41 patients with transcervical gunshot wounds was undertaken to delineate injury patterns and management principles. Thirty-four of the 41 patients (83%) sustained 52 injuries to major cervical structures. Vascular (22 injuries) and upper(More)
A patient with pancreatic pseudocyst of the mediastinum is presented. Weight loss, chest or abdominal pain, and dyspnea are the most frequent symptoms of mediastinal pseudocyst. Chest roentgenogram frequently demonstrates a posterior mediastinal mass, and esophagogram always shows esophageal displacement. The diagnosis is confirmed by computerized axial(More)
With the increased utilization of median sternotomy in thoracic surgery, some difficulties have arisen with closure of the sternum. This article presents a simple, easy-to-perform method of sternal closure utilizing reinforcement of the sternal halves with a material that is less likely to cut through the sternum and that is readily available.
Valve replacement in patients with a small aortic anulus can cause difficult technical problems or leave the patient with a significant residual transvalvular gradient. Between August, 1977, and June, 1983, 35 patients with a small aortic root (21 mm or less) underwent aortic valve replacement with Ionescu-Shiley pericardial xenograft valves. They ranged in(More)
An EKG telemetry system has been designed for use on free-living ungulates. An FM transmitter with a battery life of 2 +/-0.5 months and a range of 2-6 km is mounted on the back of the animal by means of an adjustable harness. The EKG signal is detected by subdermal electrodes overlying the sternum and transmitted to an FM receiver equipped with a frequency(More)
Pericardial substitutes have been shown to decrease the formation of pericardial adhesions. For a pericardial substitute to be properly implanted, it must lie over the heart smoothly without buckling and prevent the accumulation of blood under its surface. The technique we describe prevents buckling of the pericardial substitute and consequently reduces the(More)
The lack of acceptable coronary arteries for grafting often causes the cardiac surgeon considerable problems in treating patients with severe coronary artery disease. By combining the standard approach of coronary bypass surgery with coronary endarterectomy and with retrograde coronary sinus cardioplegia perfusion, we can achieve a longer ischemic period(More)