Robert H. I. Blanks

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Principal-component analyses were determined on a series of points measured from the dissected bony labyrinth of ten human skulls, resulting in planar equations for each of the six semicircular canals. Following this, angles were calculated between the ipsilateral canal planes, between opposite synergistically acting canal planes and between each canal and(More)
The physiologic response of first-order vestibular canal neurons, recorded within the internal auditory canal with glass microelectrodes, was studied in anesthetized cats. Neurons from all three canals were subjected to velocity trapezoidal rotations about the canal axis, and about different axes extending up to 90 degrees on either side of the canal axis(More)
The technique of principal-component analysis was used to define anatomically the semicircular canal planes of the rhesus and squirrel monkeys with respect to the stereotaxic coordinate system. The analyses were performed on a series of points obtained from the dissected osseous labyrinths. A planar equation was defined for each canal plane in the(More)
A critical survey of the nomenclatures used for subdivisions of the pretectal nuclear complex is followed by a description of pretectal development and connectivity of individual nuclei. Some of these mediate the pupillary light reflex; part of another forms part of the accessory optic system, involved in processing visual signals for the generation of(More)
The response plane and resting rate characteristics of first-order, vestibular, semicircular canal neurons were studied in 67 cats under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia using single-unit recording techniques in the eighth nerve. Five hundred fifty-nine units were classified as to the canal they were associated with by employing an identification technique(More)
1. The activity of cat semicircular canal and otolith afferents was studied during yaw and roll rotations, respectively, to examine their dynamic behavior. 2. A sinusoidal analysis of the canal afferent activities showed that their dynamic characteristics are similar to those of second order vestibular neurons, except for a two to three-fold lower absolute(More)
1. In order to more accurately identify the nature of the vestibular input to central neurons, the response properties of single semicircular canal and otolith units in the frog VIIIth nerve were studied in curarized preparations. 2. An equation describing the response plane was calculated for each canal on the basis of null point measurements. These(More)
1. The electrical activity of single trochlear motoneurons (TMns) and axons of second order vestibular neurons presumably terminating on these motoneurons were studied during natural stimulation of semicircular canals and otolith organs in cats anesthetized with Ketamine. 2. Null point analysis showed that TMns received an excitatory canal input from the(More)
Anatomical findings are presented that identify cortical and subcortical sources of afferents to the nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis (NRTP) and basal pontine nuclei. Projections from the middle temporal visual area (MT), medial superior temporal visual area (MST), lateral intraparietal area (LIP), and areas 7a and 7b to the basal pontine nuclei were(More)