Robert H. Foote

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Bull sperm are exposed to aerobic conditions during processing before freezing, and they have little endogenous antioxidant to protect them against reactive oxygen species that may be present. Seventeen laboratory studies and two field trials were conducted with 174 semen collections from bulls in an artificial breeding cooperative. More than 250(More)
The present study was designed to examine the influence of several potential antioxidants in a synthetic medium completely devoid of macromolecules. Antioxidants may be beneficial as additives to a synthetic medium because they could serve as scavengers of toxic free radicals in media lacking serum, serum albumin, or other macromolecules that may serve as(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate semen quality of bulls housed under controlled conditions at a large AI facility and relate results to fertility. In Experiment 1 semen was collected from six 6-yr-old bulls twice daily at 3- to 4-d intervals for 3 d. In Experiment 2 eleven 6- to 11-yr-old bulls were used. Extensive breeding information was(More)
Plasma membrane (PM), primarily from the anterior sperm head, and outer acrosomal membrane (OAM), were isolated from ejaculated bovine spermatozoa, and the major lipid classes were characterized. Whole sperm (WS) lipids were analyzed for comparison. PM was removed by nitrogen cavitation and purified by sucrose density-gradient centrifugation. The OAM was(More)
The analysis of breeding records and sperm morphologic classifications from ejaculated semen during 99 stallion seasons, over a 2-year period, revealed a significant correlation (r = 0.34, P less than 0.01) between the percentage of morphologically normal sperm in ejaculates and the per cycle fertility estimate of the stallions studied. In addition, the(More)
The objective of this study was to develop nonsurgical methods of embryo collection and transfer in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) to serve as models for use in mammals in which surgical procedures are the usual means for applying embryo transfer technology. Specially designed transcervical catheters(More)
Some reports indicate that sperm from different males differ in capacitation time, and other reports suggest that freezing sperm may affect their capacitation time. These two variables were specifically studied in rabbits in a fertility trial with 96 does inseminated with approximately 1.6 million motile fresh or frozen sperm from three different bucks at(More)
These studies were designed to develop a coculture system using a simple medium to promote development of 1-cell bovine embryos through the 8-16-cell stage to morula and blastocyst stages. Monolayers for coculture were prepared from bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOEC). In vivo-fertilized 1-2-cell embryos and ova (384) were surgically collected from(More)
In Exp. 1, Medium 199 and Medium RD (RPMI-1640 and Dulbecco's MEM, 1:1 v/v) were compared in a 2 x 2 factorial design by supplementing each with 15 mg bovine serum albumin (BSA)/ml of 1 mg polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/ml. All media contained 5 micrograms insulin/ml, 5 micrograms transferrin/ml, 5 ng selenium/ml (ITS), and 10 ng epidermal growth factor (EGF)/ml.(More)