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Reln mRNA and protein levels are reduced by approximately 50% in various cortical structures of post-mortem brain from patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar illness with psychosis. To study mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation, we have analyzed the promoter of the human reelin gene. We show that the reelin promoter directs expression(More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor 3alpha (HNF-3alpha) and 3beta proteins have homology in the winged helix/fork head DNA binding domain and regulate cell-specific transcription in hepatocytes and in respiratory and intestinal epithelia. In this study, we describe two novel isoforms of the winged helix transcription factor family, HNF-3/fork head homolog 11A(More)
The forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) transcription factor regulates expression of cell cycle genes essential for DNA replication and mitosis during organ repair and cancer progression. Here, we demonstrate that FoxM1-deficient (-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts and osteosarcoma U2OS cells depleted in FoxM1 levels by small interfering RNA transfection display(More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor 3/fork head homolog (HFH) proteins are an extensive family of transcription factors which share homology in the winged helix DNA binding domain. Members of the winged helix family have been implicated in cell fate determination during pattern formation, in organogenesis and in cell type-specific gene expression. In this study,(More)
Three distinct hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 (HNF-3) proteins (alpha, beta, and gamma) are known to regulate the transcription of numerous liver-specific genes. The HNF-3 proteins bind to DNA as monomers through a winged-helix motif, which is also utilized by a number of developmental regulators, including the Drosophila homeotic fork head (fkh) protein. We(More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor-3 alpha (HNF-3 alpha) and -3 beta proteins share homology in the winged helix/fork head DNA binding domain and regulate cell-specific transcription in hepatocytes and respiratory epithelium. In this study, we used transfection assays to demonstrate that the -520 nucleotides upstream of the rat HNF-3 alpha gene were sufficient(More)
During organogenesis, the winged helix hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF-3beta) protein participates in regulating gene transcription in the developing esophagus, trachea, liver, lung, pancreas, and intestine. Hepatoma cell transfection studies identified a critical HNF-3beta promoter factor, named UF2-H3beta, and here, we demonstrate that UF2-H3beta is(More)
The forkhead box M1b (FoxM1b) transcription factor is over-expressed in human cancers, and its expression often correlates with poor prognosis. Previously, using conditional knockout strains, we showed that FoxM1b is essential for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, over-expression of FoxM1b had only marginal effects on HCC progression.(More)
Two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) induces differentiated cells in the liver remnant to proliferate and regenerate to its original size. The proliferation-specific HNF-3/fork head homolog-11B protein (HFH-11B; also known as Trident and Win) is a family member of the winged helix/fork head transcription factors and in regenerating liver its expression is(More)