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Reln mRNA and protein levels are reduced by approximately 50% in various cortical structures of post-mortem brain from patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar illness with psychosis. To study mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation, we have analyzed the promoter of the human reelin gene. We show that the reelin promoter directs expression(More)
Development of the mouse lung initiates on day 9.5 postcoitum from the laryngotracheal groove and involves mesenchymal-epithelial interactions, in particular, those between the splanchnic mesoderm and epithelial cells (derived from foregut endoderm) that induce cellular proliferation, migration, and differentiation, resulting in branching morphogenesis.(More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor 3alpha (HNF-3alpha) and 3beta proteins have homology in the winged helix/fork head DNA binding domain and regulate cell-specific transcription in hepatocytes and in respiratory and intestinal epithelia. In this study, we describe two novel isoforms of the winged helix transcription factor family, HNF-3/fork head homolog 11A(More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor-3 alpha (HNF-3 alpha) and -3 beta proteins share homology in the winged helix/fork head DNA binding domain and regulate cell-specific transcription in hepatocytes and respiratory epithelium. In this study, we used transfection assays to demonstrate that the -520 nucleotides upstream of the rat HNF-3 alpha gene were sufficient(More)
The proliferation-specific Forkhead Box m1 (Foxm1 or Foxm1b) transcription factor (previously called HFH-11B, Trident, Win, or MPP2) regulates expression of cell cycle genes essential for progression into DNA replication and mitosis. Expression of Foxm1 is found in a variety of distinct human cancers including hepatocellular carcinomas, intrahepatic(More)
The forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) transcription factor regulates expression of cell cycle genes essential for DNA replication and mitosis during organ repair and cancer progression. Here, we demonstrate that FoxM1-deficient (-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts and osteosarcoma U2OS cells depleted in FoxM1 levels by small interfering RNA transfection display(More)
The oncogenic transcription factor forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) is overexpressed in a number of different carcinomas, whereas its expression is turned off in terminally differentiated cells. For this reason, FoxM1 is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in cancer treatment. As a first step toward realizing this goal, in this study, using a(More)
The forkhead box m1 (Foxm1) transcription factor is essential for initiation of carcinogen-induced liver tumors; however, whether FoxM1 constitutes a therapeutic target for liver cancer treatment remains unknown. In this study, we used diethylnitrosamine/phenobarbital treatment to induce hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in either WT mice or(More)
Two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) induces differentiated cells in the liver remnant to proliferate and regenerate to its original size. The proliferation-specific HNF-3/fork head homolog-11B protein (HFH-11B; also known as Trident and Win) is a family member of the winged helix/fork head transcription factors and in regenerating liver its expression is(More)