Reln mRNA and protein levels are reduced by approximately 50% in various cortical structures of post-mortem brain from patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar illness with psychosis. To study mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation, we have analyzed the promoter of the human reelin gene. We show that the reelin promoter directs expression… (More)
The hepatocyte nuclear factor 3/fork head homolog (HFH) proteins are an extensive family of transcription factors which share homology in the winged helix DNA binding domain. Members of the winged helix family have been implicated in cell fate determination during pattern formation, in organogenesis and in cell type-specific gene expression. In this study,… (More)
Three distinct hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 (HNF-3) proteins (alpha, beta, and gamma) are known to regulate the transcription of numerous liver-specific genes. The HNF-3 proteins bind to DNA as monomers through a winged-helix motif, which is also utilized by a number of developmental regulators, including the Drosophila homeotic fork head (fkh) protein. We… (More)
During organogenesis, the winged helix hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF-3beta) protein participates in regulating gene transcription in the developing esophagus, trachea, liver, lung, pancreas, and intestine. Hepatoma cell transfection studies identified a critical HNF-3beta promoter factor, named UF2-H3beta, and here, we demonstrate that UF2-H3beta is… (More)
Two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) induces differentiated cells in the liver remnant to proliferate and regenerate to its original size. The proliferation-specific HNF-3/fork head homolog-11B protein (HFH-11B; also known as Trident and Win) is a family member of the winged helix/fork head transcription factors and in regenerating liver its expression is… (More)
The forkhead box M1b (FoxM1b) transcription factor is over-expressed in human cancers, and its expression often correlates with poor prognosis. Previously, using conditional knockout strains, we showed that FoxM1b is essential for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, over-expression of FoxM1b had only marginal effects on HCC progression.… (More)
Peroxisome proliferators, which function as peroxi-some proliferator-activated receptor ␣ (PPAR␣) ago-nists, induce peroxisomal, microsomal, and mitochon-drial fatty acid oxidation enzymes, in conjunction with peroxisome proliferation, in liver cells. Sustained activation of PPAR␣ leads to the development of liver tumors in rats and mice. The assertion that… (More)
Four different regulatory sites required for transcriptional stimulation by the enhancers of two unrelated liver-specific genes alpha 1-antitrypsin and transthyretin appear to bind the same nuclear protein that is found mainly in the liver. Such proteins may provide a basis for a coordinated, hepatocyte-specific control of gene transcription.