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The state of the art technology for the study of ion channels is the patch clamp technique. Ion channels mediate electrical current flow, have crucial roles in cellular physiology, and are important drug targets. The most popular (whole cell) variant of the technique detects the ensemble current over the entire cell membrane. Patch clamping is still a(More)
We investigate the microscopic contact of a cell/semiconductor hybrid. The semiconductor is nanostructured with the aim of single channel recording of ion channels in cell membranes. This approach will overcome many limitations of the classical patch-clamp technique. The integration of silicon-based devices 'on-chip' promises novel types of experiments on(More)
We have developed planar glass chip devices for patch clamp recording. Glass has several key advantages as a substrate for planar patch clamp devices. It is a good dielectric, is well-known to interact strongly with cell membranes and is also a relatively in-expensive material. In addition, it is optically neutral. However, microstructuring processes for(More)
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) incorporating active piezoelectric layers offer integrated actuation, sensing, and transduction. The broad implementation of such active MEMS has long been constrained by the inability to integrate materials with giant piezoelectric response, such as Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3))O(3)-PbTiO(3) (PMN-PT). We synthesized high-quality(More)
We present a technique by which it is possible to produce a planar sensor for ion channel electrophysiology from glass substrates. Apertures with diameters in the low micrometer to submicrometer range are achieved by irradiation of a glass chip with a single heavy ion and subsequent wet track etching. The function of the device is demonstrated by recordings(More)
In many neural culture studies, neurite migration on a flat, open surface does not reflect the three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment in vivo. With that in mind, we fabricated arrays of semiconductor tubes using strained silicon (Si) and germanium (Ge) nanomembranes and employed them as a cell culture substrate for primary cortical neurons. Our experiments(More)
GCNBs were prepared by chemical vapor deposition at Tokai Carbon Co. Ltd. The detailed preparation procedure has been reported previously [18]. The structure of GCNBs was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) (Rigaku, Rint2500), Raman spectroscopy (Jovin-Yvon, T-64 000), and TEM (Hitachi-9000). For the fabrication of GCNB electrodes, each GCNB sample was mixed(More)
We observe transport of electrons through a metallic island on the tip of a nanomechanical pendulum. The resulting tunneling current shows distinct features corresponding to the discrete mechanical eigenfrequencies of the pendulum. We report on measurements covering the temperature range from 300 down to 4.2 K. We explain the I-V curve, which unexpectedly(More)
An electron-phonon cavity consisting of a quantum dot embedded in a freestanding GaAs/AlGaAs membrane is characterized using Coulomb blockade measurements at low temperatures. We find a complete suppression of single electron tunneling around zero bias leading to the formation of an energy gap in the transport spectrum. The observed effect is induced by the(More)
We present fabrication and measurements of gated suspended low-dimensional electron systems. The core component of the device is a low-dimensional electron gas embedded in a free-standing beam processed from a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. The dimensionality of the electronic system is fully controlled by a number of gating electrodes on the suspended(More)