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The state of the art technology for the study of ion channels is the patch clamp technique. Ion channels mediate electrical current flow, have crucial roles in cellular physiology, and are important drug targets. The most popular (whole cell) variant of the technique detects the ensemble current over the entire cell membrane. Patch clamping is still a(More)
We investigate the microscopic contact of a cell/semiconductor hybrid. The semiconductor is nanostructured with the aim of single channel recording of ion channels in cell membranes. This approach will overcome many limitations of the classical patch-clamp technique. The integration of silicon-based devices 'on-chip' promises novel types of experiments on(More)
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) incorporating active piezoelectric layers offer integrated actuation, sensing, and transduction. The broad implementation of such active MEMS has long been constrained by the inability to integrate materials with giant piezoelectric response, such as Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3))O(3)-PbTiO(3) (PMN-PT). We synthesized high-quality(More)
GCNBs were prepared by chemical vapor deposition at Tokai Carbon Co. Ltd. The detailed preparation procedure has been reported previously [18]. The structure of GCNBs was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) (Rigaku, Rint2500), Raman spectroscopy (Jovin-Yvon, T-64 000), and TEM (Hitachi-9000). For the fabrication of GCNB electrodes, each GCNB sample was mixed(More)
We observe transport of electrons through a metallic island on the tip of a nanomechanical pendulum. The resulting tunneling current shows distinct features corresponding to the discrete mechanical eigenfrequencies of the pendulum. We report on measurements covering the temperature range from 300 down to 4.2 K. We explain the I-V curve, which unexpectedly(More)
In many neural culture studies, neurite migration on a flat, open surface does not reflect the three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment in vivo. With that in mind, we fabricated arrays of semiconductor tubes using strained silicon (Si) and germanium (Ge) nanomembranes and employed them as a cell culture substrate for primary cortical neurons. Our experiments(More)
We demonstrate how molecular quantum states of coupled semiconductor quantum dots are coherently probed and manipulated in transport experiments. The applied method probes quantum states by the virtual cotunneling of two electrons and hence resolves the sequences of molecular states simultaneously. This result is achieved by weakly probing the quantum(More)
Single-and poly-crystalline copper wires with diameters down to 30 nm are grown in etched ion-track membranes. Individual nanowires are isolated and contacted by means of optical lithography. Electronic transport properties and oxidation processes are investigated. Depending on the oxidation state, the wire resistance varies between a few hundred ohms and(More)
We define two laterally gated small quantum dots (∼ 15 electrons) in an Aharonov-Bohm geometry in which the coupling between the two dots can be broadly changed. For weakly coupled quantum dots we find Aharonov-Bohm oscillations. In an intermediate coupling regime we concentrate on the molecular states of the double dot and extract the magnetic field(More)
We present measurements on nanomechanical resonators operating in the radio frequency range. We apply a setup which allows the comparison of two schemes of displacement detection for mechanical resonators, namely conventional power reflection measurements of a probing signal and direct detection by capacitive coupling via a gate electrode. For capacitive(More)