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Dynamic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images changes in the conductivity distribution of a medium from low frequency electrical measurements made at electrodes on the medium surface. Reconstruction of the conductivity distribution is an under-determined and ill-posed problem, typically requiring either simplifying assumptions or regularization based(More)
This study had two objectives: 1) to establish magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for measuring total and regional adipose tissue (AT) distribution in humans and 2) to assess the relationship between selected anthropometric variables and MRI-measured AT. Twenty-seven healthy men varying in age [40.8 +/- 14.5 (SD) yr], body mass index (28.5 +/- 4.8),(More)
Streaming potential distributions were measured on the surface of articular cartilage in uniaxial unconfined compression using a linear array of microelectrodes. Potential profiles were obtained for sinusoidal and ramp/stress-relaxation displacements and exhibited dependencies on radial position, sinusoidal amplitude and frequency, time during stress(More)
Reconstruction of images in electrical impedance tomography requires the solution of a nonlinear inverse problem on noisy data. This problem is typically ill-conditioned and requires either simplifying assumptions or regularization based on a priori knowledge. The authors present a reconstruction algorithm using neural network techniques which calculates a(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) uses electrical measurements at electrodes placed around the thorax to image changes in the conductivity distribution within the thorax. This technique is well suited to studying pulmonary function because the movement of air, blood, and extravascular fluid induces significant conductivity changes within the thorax. We(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) uses surface electrical measurements to image changes in the conductivity distribution within a medium. When used to measure lung ventilation, however, measurements depend both on conductivity changes in the thorax and on rib cage movement. Given that currently available reconstruction techniques assume that only(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is able to reflect physiological parameters such as real-time changes in global and regional lung volume. EIT can aid in the assessment of lung recruitment, and its use has been validated in preliminary studies monitoring mechanical ventilation at the bedside. ICU patients vary widely in their body(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the viability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a means of measuring the body composition of rodents. To do so we compared adipose tissue (AT) volumes measured by MRI with those obtained by X-ray computerized tomography (CT) in a group of rats (n = 17) varying in weight (465-815 g) and percent body(More)
Cartilage molecular changes in osteoarthritis are most commonly related to the degradation and loss of proteoglycan and collagen fibrils of the extracellular matrix, which directly influence tissue stiffness and compression-generated streaming potentials. In this study, we evaluated the potential of a new technique, spatially resolved mapping of streaming(More)