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Dynamic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images changes in the conductivity distribution of a medium from low frequency electrical measurements made at electrodes on the medium surface. Reconstruction of the conductivity distribution is an under-determined and ill-posed problem, typically requiring either simplifying assumptions or regularization based(More)
Reconstruction of images in electrical impedance tomography requires the solution of a nonlinear inverse problem on noisy data. This problem is typically ill-conditioned and requires either simplifying assumptions or regularization based on a priori knowledge. The authors present a reconstruction algorithm using neural network techniques which calculates a(More)
Streaming potential distributions were measured on the surface of articular cartilage in uniaxial unconfined compression using a linear array of microelectrodes. Potential profiles were obtained for sinusoidal and ramp/stress-relaxation displacements and exhibited dependencies on radial position, sinusoidal amplitude and frequency, time during stress(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) uses electrical measurements at electrodes placed around the thorax to image changes in the conductivity distribution within the thorax. This technique is well suited to studying pulmonary function because the movement of air, blood, and extravascular fluid induces significant conductivity changes within the thorax. We(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive technique for imaging the conductivity distribution of a body section. Different types of EIT images can be reconstructed: absolute, time difference and frequency difference. Reconstruction algorithms are sensitive to many errors which translate into image artefacts. These errors generally result from(More)
Spirometry and electrical impedance tomography (EIT) data from 26 healthy subjects (14 males, 12 females) were used to develop a model linking contrast variations in EIT difference images to lung volume changes. Eight recordings, each 64 s long, were made for each subject in four postures (standing, sitting, reclining at 45 degrees, supine) and two(More)
This paper reports on experiments designed to evaluate the performance of the equipotentials backprojection method under conditions modeling those of proposed applications of electrical impedance tomography. Small spherical targets were placed inside a saline-filled tank with dimensions similar to a human torso. Data were acquired with a computer-based(More)
Reconstruction of images in electrical impedance tomography requires the solution of an inverse problem which is typically ill-conditioned due to the effects of noise and therefore requires regularisation based on a priori knowledge. This paper presents a linear reconstruction technique using neural networks which adapts the solution to the noise level used(More)
Completely or partially disconnected electrodes are a fairly common occurrence in many electrical impedance tomography (EIT) clinical applications. Several factors can contribute to electrode disconnection: patient movement, perspiration, manipulations by clinical staff, and defective electrode leads or electronics. By corrupting several measurements,(More)