Pulses in the 0.01 to 40 microvolt range, probably generated by white fiber muscle action potentials, were remotely received through dipole antennae from five fishes and one amphibian in aquarium tests. In natural environments, however, no biologically generated signals have been detected. Received instead were a multitude of similar signals originating… (More)

The dynamics of Gowdy vacuum spacetimes is considered in terms of Hubble-normalized scale-invariant variables, using the timelike area temporal gauge. The resulting state space formulation provides for a simple mechanism for the formation of “false” and “true spikes” in the approach to the singularity, and a geometrical formulation for the local attractor.

This paper constructs the geometrically natural objects which are associated with any projection tensor field on a manifold with any affine connection. The approaches to projection tensor fields which have been used in general relativity and related theories assume normal projection tensors of co-dimension one and connections which are metric compatible and… (More)