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The evaluation of peripheral nerve disorders has traditionally relied on a clinical history, physical examination, and electrodiagnostic studies. Recent studies have used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate a variety of both nerve and muscle disorders. In this article, we describe the use of MRI, using short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences,(More)
Currently, diagnosis and management of disorders involving nerves are generally undertaken without images of the nerves themselves. The authors evaluated whether direct nerve images obtained using the new technique of magnetic resonance (MR) neurography could be used to make clinically important diagnostic distinctions that cannot be readily accomplished(More)
We undertook a prospective study of 43 wrists in 32 patients who had been clinically diagnosed as having carpal tunnel syndrome (study group) and 5 wrists in people who had no symptoms (control group), correlating the clinical, electrodiagnostic, intraoperative, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MRI of the carpal tunnel and thenar eminence was(More)
The diagnosis of ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow has relied primarily on clinical and electrodiagnostic findings. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used in the evaluation of peripheral nerve entrapment disorders to document signal and configuration changes in nerves. We performed a prospective study on a population of 31 elbows in 27(More)
Symptomatic perforation of the anterior annulus fibrosus/anterior longitudinal ligament during surgery for herniated lumbar disc disease is one of the more solemn and sobering complications experienced by neurosurgeons or orthopedic surgeons. This complication frequently results in the death of the patient. Its occurrence is probably more common than the(More)
A review of 146 medical malpractice cases involving surgery of the lumbar spine disclosed that unintended "incidental" durotomy (23 cases) was the second most frequently named occurrence. In each instance there was an associated alleged complication or sequelae. There appears to be a subset of patients in whom an unintended "incidental" durotomy is(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the clinical application and utility of high-resolution magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) techniques to image the normal fascicular structure of peripheral nerves and its distortion by mass lesions or trauma in the lower extremity. METHODS MRN images were obtained using a standard 1.5 Tesla magnet and custom built phased-array(More)
Magnetic resonance neurography was used to directly image cervical spinal nerves in patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of cervical radiculopathy. A magnetic resonance imaging phased-array coil system was used to obtain high-resolution coronal T1-weighted spin echo, coronal/axial T2-weighted fast spin echo with fat saturation, and coronal/axial(More)
In 17 consecutive patients with Parkinson disease (PD), bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulators were implanted during staged surgeries. The Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and the Dyskinesia Disability Scale were completed both off and on medication prior to any surgery and also OFF and ON stimulation after each surgery. On-medication(More)
OBJECTIVE To illustrate how an understanding of the basic biological responses of peripheral nerves to injury is important in formulating a rational treatment plan. METHODS Peripheral nerve anatomy and physiology are described in a context that is relevant to understanding the different grades of peripheral nerve injury. Methods of evaluating and treating(More)