The introduction of microdiscectomy to lumbar spine surgery has resulted in a significant decrease in postoperative pain and length of hospital stay. Intraoperative application of long-acting local anesthetic agents has been used for many general and neurosurgical procedures for the management of postoperative pain. In addition, many surgeons routinely use… (More)
The authors report the case of a 36-year-old woman who underwent gross total resection of a right cerebellar pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma with atypical features. She had undergone surgery 16 years previously for what was thought to be a right frontal glioblastoma multiforme. In retrospect, based on the histopathology and the clinical course, both lesions… (More)
A 9-year-old patient presented with an acute left hemiparesis secondary to an intradural hemorrhage of the cervical spinal cord. Angiography revealed a dural arteriovenous (AV) fistula with multiple venous aneurysms fed by a radicular branch of the right vertebral artery. This AV fistula did not contribute blood flow to the cervical segment of the spinal… (More)
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Litters of female rats were treated at birth and 48 hr later with either saline or 6-hydroxydopa (60 microgram/g, IP), were ovariectomized in adulthood and tested on a number of behavioral tasks including age of vaginal opening, sexual receptivity, open-field activity, equilibrium, and habituation to acoustic startle. Results of the open-field test… (More)