Robert Garrett

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Peripheral nerves of diabetic rats were studied 2 years after alloxan injection. We observed demyelination and remyelination, axonal degeneration and regeneration, reduplication of basal laminae around vessels and Schwann's cells, as well as onion bulb formation by proliferated Schwann's cells. Crystalline deposits composed of aggregates of fibrillary(More)
Patterns of demyelination were studied in sciatic nerves, spinal roots and ganglia of chickens afflicted with either Marek's disease (MD) or experimental allergic neuritis (EAN). MD was induced in susceptible chicks after hatching by inoculation of the JM strain of MD Herpes virus. Tissues from these chickens were examined 7–83 days after infection. EAN was(More)
Hexachlorophene intoxication produced cerebral edema in rats and mice characterized by the accumulation of fluid within myelin sheaths. Vessels remained impermeable to Trypan Blue. The amount of water in the brains of affected mice gradually returned to normal when the animals were put back on a normal diet. Correspondingly the status spongiosus decreased(More)
Distinctive cytoplasmic alterations of Schwann cells were observed by electron microscopy in rats and mice with peripheral neuropathy induced by chronic exposure to 2,5-hexanedione. Pronounced enlargement of Schwann cells was due to accumulation of 100 angstrom cytoplasmic filaments and endoplasmic reticulum and was most often observed after 12--15 weeks(More)
Transgenic mice overexpressing cytokines facilitate analysis of the effects of these immunomodulators on indigenous cells of the central nervous system. This study examines morphological aspects of demyelination and permeability changes, in a recently described transgenic model (termed GFAP-IL3). GFAP-IL3 mice develop progressive motor disease at(More)
A clinical, radiological and histopathological study of femoral heads from 125 patients with fracture of the neck of the femur and from 30 cadavers was carried out to identify various risk factors. The findings showed that the Singh index was unreliable as a radiological indicator of the bone content of the femoral heads; that the bone content of the(More)
Aldose reductase was visualized by light and electron microscopy using a goat anti-rat antibody with immunoperoxidase and immunogold, respectively. Ouabain-sensitive, K+-dependent, p-nitro-phenylphosphatase, a component of (Na+, K+)-ATPase, was localized at the electron microscopic level by enzyme histochemistry using p-nitro-phenylphosphate as substrate.(More)
Cycloleucine, a non-metabolizable amino acid analogue produces status spongiosus in cerebral white matter of rats and mice as well as a distinctive lesion of astrocytes. Its mechanisms of action include competition with natural amino acids from transport across the blood-brain barrier leading to inhibition of entry of circulating amino acids into brain,(More)