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The objective of the current series of experiments was to assess the effects of dietary synchrony of OM and N supply to the rumen, achieved by altering the sequence of feeding individual ingredients and in diets with different energy sources, on the metabolism and performance of growing lambs. In Exp. 1, the in situ degradability coefficients of OM and N(More)
The effect of feeding n-3 PUFA on the fatty acid composition of muscle, adipose tissue and liver of lambs was investigated. Groups of eight ram lambs per breed, SuffolkxLleyn (24 kg live weight) and Scottish Blackface (18 kg live weight), were each fed one of six diets containing one of three fat sources (50 g fatty acids/kg DM; Megalac((R)) (calcium soap(More)
The present study investigated the effect of maternal vitamin E and fatty acid supplementation on lamb antioxidant status. Forty-eight ewes were fed one of four concentrate diets supplemented with a basal (50 mg/kg) or supranutritional (500 mg/kg) level of vitamin E plus a source of either saturated fat (Megalac; Volac Ltd, Royston, Hertfordshire, UK) or(More)
Carcass composition, muscle fatty acids and eating quality of loin chops were examined in ram lambs from four diverse breed × production system groups: pure Welsh Mountain off upland flora, pure Soays off lowland grass, Suffolk crosses off lowland grass and Suffolk crosses off concentrates. The two Suffolk groups had heavier and better muscled carcasses(More)
The present study investigated the susceptibility of dietary n-3 PUFA to ruminal biohydrogenation, the stability of ingested vitamin E in the rumen and the subsequent uptake of PUFA and vitamin E into plasma. Six cannulated sheep were assigned to six diets over five 33 d periods, in an incomplete 6x5 Latin square. The diets, based on dried grass, were(More)
Fifty Suffolk-crossbred wether lambs, with an initial live weight of 29 +/- 2.1 kg, were allocated to one of five concentrate-based diets formulated to have a similar fatty acid content (60 g/kg DM), but containing either linseed oil (high in 18:3n-3); fish oil (high in 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3); protected linseed and soybean (PLS; high in 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3);(More)
The effect on lamb muscle of five dietary supplements high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was measured. The supplements were linseed oil, fish oil, protected lipid (high in linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6) and α-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3)), fish oil/marine algae (1:1), and protected lipid/marine algae (1:1). Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 n-3) and(More)
This study investigated the influence of five sources of dietary oil (linseed oil (LO), fish oil (FO), a protected lipid supplement (PLS, 18:2 to 18:3 ratio 3:1), fish oil/marine algae (FOMA) and PLSMA) on the colour and lipid stability of lamb muscle and the flavour of grilled loin chops. LO produced the highest proportion of 18:3n-3 in muscle(More)
Seventy-two 8-week-old ram lambs from three breeds, Suffolk, Soay and Friesland, were offered one of four diets based on dried grass and formulated to have a similar fatty acid content (60 g/kg DM) and containing: Megalac (high in 16 : 0, control; Volac Ltd, Royston, Herts., UK), whole linseed (18 : 3n-3), fish oil (20 : 5n-3 and 22 : 6n-3) or whole linseed(More)
Six flexible-leaflet prosthetic heart valves, fabricated from a polyetherurethaneurea (PEUE), underwent long-term fatigue and calcification testing. Three valves exceeded 800 million cycles without failure. Three valves failed at 775, 460, and 544 million cycles, respectively. Calcification was observed with and without associated failure in regions of high(More)