Robert G Wilcox

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BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes are at high risk of fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke. There is indirect evidence that agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) could reduce macrovascular complications. Our aim, therefore, was to ascertain whether pioglitazone reduces macrovascular morbidity and(More)
CONTEXT The direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin has been associated with better efficacy and less bleeding than heparin during coronary balloon angioplasty but has not been widely tested during contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of bivalirudin, with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (Gp IIb/IIIa) inhibition on(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors have been shown to reduce cardiac complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The clinical efficacy of these drugs in acute coronary syndromes, however, is still unclear. We did a meta-analysis of all large randomised trials designed to study the clinical efficacy and safety(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate treatment policies should include an accurate estimate of a patient's baseline risk. Risk modeling to date has been underutilized in patients with acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed the relation between baseline characteristics and the 30-day incidence of death and the(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to evaluate the relation between smoking and the outcomes of patients receiving thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND A paradoxic beneficial effect has been observed in smokers with a myocardial infarction. We analyzed outcomes and baseline characteristics of 11,975 nonsmokers, 11,117 ex-smokers and 17,507(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to define and better understand the characteristics and outcomes of patients with diabetes treated for acute myocardial infarction with contemporary thrombolysis. BACKGROUND Although thrombolysis has substantially improved survival of patients with myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus remains an independent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diabetes is an important risk factor for stroke. We conducted analyses in patients who had entered the PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events (PROactive) with a history of stroke or without stroke. METHODS The prospective, double-blind PROactive (mean duration, 34.5 months) randomized 5238 patients with type(More)
OBJECTIVES In a substudy of DISPERSE (Dose confIrmation Study assessing anti-Platelet Effects of AZD6140 vs. clopidogRel in non-ST-segment Elevation myocardial infarction)-2, we compared the antiplatelet effects of AZD6140 and clopidogrel and assessed the effects of AZD6140 in clopidogrel-pretreated patients. BACKGROUND Clopidogrel, in combination with(More)
BACKGROUND Despite important advances in treatment, the risk of recurrent ischaemic events is high both early and late after an acute coronary syndrome. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of ximelagatran and acetylsalicylic acid for prevention of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and severe recurrent ischaemia after a recent myocardial infarction.(More)
CONTEXT In the Randomized Evaluation in PCI Linking Angiomax to Reduced Clinical Events (REPLACE)-2 trial, bivalirudin with provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (Gp IIb/IIIa) inhibition was found to be noninferior to heparin plus planned Gp IIb/IIIa blockade in the prevention of acute ischemic end points and was associated with significantly less bleeding by(More)