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Small GTPases of the rab family are crucial elements of the machinery that controls membrane traffic. In the present study, we examined the distribution and function of rab11. Rab11 was shown by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy and EM to colocalize with internalized transferrin in the pericentriolar recycling compartment of CHO and BHK cells.(More)
A set of 11 clones encoding putative GTP binding proteins highly homologous to the yeast YPT1/SEC4 gene products have been isolated from an MDCK cell cDNA library. We localized three of the corresponding proteins in mammalian cells by using affinity-purified antibodies in immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy studies. One, the MDCK homolog of(More)
Small GTPases of the rab family control distinct steps of intracellular transport. The function of their GTPase activity is not completely understood. To investigate the role of the nucleotide state of rab5 in the early endocytic pathway, the effects of two mutants with opposing biochemical properties were tested. The Q79L mutant of rab5, analogous with the(More)
Caveolae are specialized invaginations of the plasma membrane which have been proposed to play a role in diverse cellular processes such as endocytosis and signal transduction. We have developed an assay to determine the fraction of internal versus plasma membrane caveolae. The GPI-anchored protein, alkaline phosphatase, was clustered in caveolae after(More)
We have examined the modifications occurring during the transformation of phagosomes into phagolysosomes in J-774 macrophages. The use of low density latex beads as markers of phagosomes (latex bead compartments, LBC) allowed the isolation of these organelles by flotation on a simple sucrose gradient. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis,(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) regulates several vital cellular processes, including signal transduction and membrane trafficking. In order to study the intracellular localization of the PI3K product, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PI(3)P], we constructed a probe consisting of two PI(3)P-binding FYVE domains. The probe was found to bind(More)
Little is known about the structure and function of membrane domains in the vacuolar apparatus of animal cells. A unique feature of late endosomes, which are part of the pathway that leads to lysosomes, is that they contain a complex system of poorly characterized internal membranes in their lumen. These endosomes are therefore known as multivesicular or(More)
We have investigated the in vivo functional role of rab5, a small GTPase associated with the plasma membrane and early endosomes. Wild-type rab5 or rab5-ile133, a mutant protein defective in GTP binding, was overexpressed in baby hamster kidney cells. In cells expressing the rab5ile 133 protein, the rate of endocytosis was decreased by 50% compared with(More)
Caveolae are a highly abundant but enigmatic feature of mammalian cells. They form remarkably stable membrane domains at the plasma membrane but can also function as carriers in the exocytic and endocytic pathways. The apparently diverse functions of caveolae, including mechanosensing and lipid regulation, might be linked to their ability to respond to(More)
In the past year, we have witnessed considerable progress towards an understanding of the workings of caveolae. Highlights include the identification of new caveolin family members, the characterization of VIP21-caveolin as a cholesterol-binding oligomeric protein, and evidence for functional interactions between caveolins and heterotrimeric G proteins. In(More)