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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image noise, low-contrast resolution, image quality, and spatial resolution of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in low-dose body CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction was used to scan the American College of Radiology phantom at the American College of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to retrospectively compare radiation dose, noise, and image quality of abdominal low-dose CT reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) and routine-dose CT reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-three patients (37 men and 16 women; mean age, 60.8(More)
Dual-energy imaging is a promising new development in computed tomography (CT) that has the potential to improve lesion detection and characterization beyond levels currently achievable with conventional CT techniques. In dual-energy CT (DECT), the simultaneous use of two different energy settings allows the differentiation of materials on the basis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the accuracy between conventional computed tomography (CT) and dual-energy CT (DECT) in predicting stone composition in a blinded, prospective fashion. METHODS A total of 32 renal stones with known composition were scanned in vitro, first using standard CT techniques at 120 kilovolt peak (kV[p]) and then using fast-switched kilovolt(More)
OBJECTIVE CT dose reduction has become a top priority for many radiology practices as a result of federal and state initiatives and public concern. Implementing this in practice, however, is difficult because of the variability between practices, CT scanners, radiologist preferences, and institutional capacity. CONCLUSION This article will discuss(More)
Despite recent advances in CT technology, metal orthopedic implants continue to cause significant artifacts on many CT exams, often obscuring diagnostic information. We performed this prospective study to evaluate the effectiveness of an experimental metal artifact reduction (MAR) image reconstruction program for CT. We examined image quality on CT exams(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CT performed with Veo model-based iterative reconstruction has shown the potential for radiation-dose reduction. This study sought to determine whether Veo could reduce noise and improve the image quality of low-dose sinus CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty patients consented to participate and underwent low- and standard-dose sinus(More)
This software tool locates and computes the intensity of radiation skin dose resulting from fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. It is comprised of multiple modules. Using standardized body specific geometric values, a software module defines a set of male and female patients arbitarily positioned on a fluoroscopy table. Simulated X-ray(More)
PURPOSE To compare dose, reader assessments, and noise between ultra-low-dose (ULD) and low-dose (LD) renal stone computed tomography (CT) using multiple reconstruction methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS Prospective study of 19 patients having noncontrast LD and ULD renal stone CT reconstructed using filtered back projection, adaptive statistical iterative(More)
The current work describes an anthropomorphic beating heart phantom constructed as a tool for the assessment of technological advances in cardiac x-ray computed tomography (CT). The phantom is comprised of a thorax, a compressor system, an ECG system, a beating heart with tortuous coronary arteries, and the option to add or remove pathologies such as(More)