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OBJECTIVE To compare percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and nasogastric tube feeding after acute dysphagic stroke. DESIGN Randomised prospective study of inpatients with acute stroke requiring enteral nutrition. SETTING One university hospital (Nottingham) and one district general hospital (Derby). SUBJECTS 30 patients with persisting dysphagia at 14(More)
A new long-acting octapeptide analogue of somatostatin, Des AA1,2,4,5,12,13 D Try8 somatostatin, has been tested in 8 patients with pancreatic endocrine tumours. The analogue given subcutaneously suppressed the tumour-derived hormones in patients with insulinomas, glucagonomas, and gastrinomas for up to 24 h. The prolonged action appeared to be the result(More)
The potency and specificity of somatostatin (SS) and four of its analogs were compared in seven patients with pancreatic endocrine tumors. The analogs tested were [D-Trp8]-SS, [D-Trp8, D-Cys14]-SS, Des-Asn5-[D-Trp8, D-Ser13]-SS, and Des (AA)1,2,4,5,12,13, [D-Trp8]-SS, and they did not show selective effects on the suppression of basal concentrations of GH,(More)
AIMS To assess the relative efficacies of lansoprazole 15 mg once daily, lansoprazole 30 mg once daily and ranitidine 300 mg b.d. in the maintenance treatment of reflux oesophagitis for 12 months. METHODS Multicentre, out-patient, double-blind, parallel group, prospectively randomized clinical trial. Patients with grade 0, asymptomatic oesophagitis after(More)
Neurotensin is a peptide recently discovered in the human ileum and it is released into plasma after ingestion of food. Neurotensin was infused intravenously into 12 healthy volunteers at a mean dose of 2.4 pmol/kg/min, the mean rise in plasma levels being 89 +/- 8 pmol/l. An inhibition of both gastric acid and pepsin output, and also a delay in gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is thought to have a central role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. We tested the hypothesis that CDP571, a genetically engineered human antibody to TNF alpha, is effective in modifying disease activity in patients with moderately active Crohn's disease. METHODS In this double-blind,(More)
Different methods of performing the (14C) aminopyrine breath test have been assessed. A tracer dose of 2 muCi without a loading dose and with a single breath collection at two hours was the method selected, since it gave the best discrimination between patients with hepatocellular diseases and normal subjects (5.2 +/- 0.2%, mean +/- SEM). Reduced values(More)
Plasma hormonal responses to insulin hypoglycaemia and to oral and intravenous glucose were investigated in chagasic patients with severe bowel disease and compared with controls matched for age, sex, weight, and race. After intravenous insulin, plasma concentrations of pancreatic glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) were reduced in the patients with(More)