Robert G. Hirst

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Burkholderia pseudomallei is the aetiological agent of melioidosis, a life-threatening bacterial disease occurring in many species of animals, including man. Infection in humans commonly manifests as one of three clinical presentations: acute, subacute or chronic disease. Investigations were undertaken to assess the suitability of BALB/c and C57Bl/6 mice as(More)
Clinical presentations of melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei are protean, but the mechanisms underlying development of the different forms of disease remain poorly understood. In murine melioidosis, the level of virulence of B. pseudomallei is important in disease pathogenesis and progression. In this study, we used B. pseudomallei-susceptible(More)
We have developed a technique based on the use of monodisperse magnetic beads to isolate Mycobacterium ulcerans from heterogenous mixtures, prior to PCR amplification. Using this method, we were able to detect M. ulcerans in water samples taken from Phillip Island, Australia, the site of several outbreaks of M. ulcerans disease in recent times.
BACKGROUND Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is generally considered to be acquired via inhalation of dust or water droplets from the environment. In this study, we show that infection of the nasal mucosa is potentially an important portal of entry in melioidosis. METHODS After intranasal inoculation of mice, infection was(More)
Production of cytokines including gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is an important early-stage host response following infection with intracellular pathogens. Development of immunity to these pathogens is determined to a large extent by the timing and relative level of expression of the cytokines. Numerous studies(More)
Mycoplasma bovis is responsible for several production diseases in cattle, including mastitis, arthritis, pneumonia, abortion and infertility. Current methodologies for detecting and identifying M. bovis are time consuming and difficult. Tests which rely on antigen or antibody detection have poor sensitivity and specificity. In this paper associated(More)
A highly sensitive and specific PCR (MB-PCR) was used in preliminary studies to detect M. bovis in milk samples to investigate its association with high somatic cell count (SCC), an indicator of subclinical mastitis and one of the factors in down grading the quality of milk. A total of 186 and 167 herds were tested with 43% and 62% of herds positive for M.(More)
Melioidosis is a disease of the tropics caused by the facultative intracellular bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. In human infection, increased levels of IFN-gamma in addition to the chemokines interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and monocyte interferon-gamma-inducible protein (Mig) have been demonstrated. However, the role of these and other(More)
Melioidosis is a bacterial infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. The aim of this study was to determine whether a cell-mediated adaptive immune response against B. pseudomallei developed in patients who had recovered from melioidosis. Lymphocyte proliferation assays were done on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients (n=13) and control(More)
Melioidosis is a potentially fatal disease of both human and animals caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Disease is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. The pathogenesis of melioidosis is poorly understood. In particular, the host responses that occur following infection, and the specific(More)