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The expression of leukocyte and endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) is essential for the emigration of leukocytes during an inflammatory response. The importance of the inflammatory response in the development of atherosclerosis is indicated by the increased expression of adhesion molecules, proinflammatory cytokines, and growth factors in lesions(More)
Many members of the Ig superfamily of adhesion molecules, such as ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Although it is well-established that VCAM-1/VLA-4 interactions can play important roles in mediating CNS inflammatory events in multiple sclerosis patients and during the development of experimental allergic(More)
We have previously shown that Mac-1 and LFA-1 play a cooperative role in slow leukocyte rolling in inflamed vessels, and that, although both have a role in leukocyte adhesion, the contribution from LFA-1 exceeds that of Mac-1. In this study, we used mice deficient in ICAM-1 (ICAM-1(null)) to study the function of ICAM-1 as an endothelial ligand for Mac-1(More)
Employing carbohydrate ligands, which have been extensively used to block selectin function in vitro and in vivo, we have examined the involvement of such ligands in stem/progenitor cell mobilization in mice and monkeys. We found that sulfated fucans, branched and linear, are capable of increasing mature white cells in the periphery and mobilizing(More)
Neutrophils can cause parenchymal cell injury in the liver during ischemia-reperfusion and endotoxemia. Neutrophils relevant for the injury accumulate in sinusoids, transmigrate, and adhere to hepatocytes. To investigate the role of E- and L-selectin in this process, C3Heb/FeJ mice were treated with 700 mg/kg galactosamine and 100 microgram/kg endotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that apolipoprotein (apo)E-deficient (apoE-/-) mice with targeted disruption of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) or P-selectin gene (apoE-/- ICAM-1-/- or apoE-/- P-selectin-/- mice, respectively) are protected from neointima formation after arterial injury through inhibition of monocyte trafficking to sites(More)
Adenovirus vectors for human gene therapy induce early host inflammatory responses in transduced tissues that limit gene transfer efficiency and can result in significant morbidity. The present study aimed to elucidate the cellular mechanisms underlying the acute inflammation induced by adenovirus vectors in the liver. Leukocyte rolling and adhesion in(More)
In the initial phase of an inflammatory response, leukocytes marginate and roll along the endothelial surface as a result of adhesive interactions between molecules on the endothelial cells and leukocytes. To evaluate the role of the 3 selectins (E, L, and P) in leukocyte rolling and emigration, a null mutation for L-selectin was introduced into previously(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the leukocyte adhesion receptors ICAM-1 and Mac-1, regulators of immune cell migration, have an intrinsic role within adipose tissue by 1) analyzing the expression of ICAM-1 in adipose tissue, 2) identifying leukocyte populations within adipose tissue, and 3) determining whether ICAM-1 and Mac-1 mutant mice exhibit abnormal(More)
Itgb2(tm1Bay) PL/J mice express low levels of the beta(2) integrins and, unlike Itgb2(tm1Bay) C57BL/6J mice, spontaneously develop psoriasiform dermatitis with several similarities to human psoriasis. To define the genetic requirements for skin disease susceptibility we analyzed more than 500 F2 progeny from an Itgb2(tm1Bay) (PL/J x C57BL/6J) intercross. We(More)