Robert Frangež

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The purpose of this study was to examine whether radiofrequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) can quantitatively monitor depolarizations evoked by excitatory amino acids in a rat's brain. To evoke depolarization, a glutamate receptor agonist, kainate, was administered into the right lateral ventricle. First, electroencephalographic activity was recorded(More)
Polymeric 3-alkylpyridinium salts (poly-APS) present in the marine sponge Reniera sarai show a broad spectrum of biological activities. They are lytic to erythrocytes and various other mammalian cells, enabling the transfection of the latter with alien DNA. Furthermore, they show inhibitory effects to marine bacteria and can inhibit fouling of micro- and(More)
The lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase protein complex is composed of a cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP51 and its redox partner NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase. The complex participates in cholesterol biosynthesis and produces folicular fluid meiosis activating sterol (FF-MAS) from lanosterol. FF-MAS is metabolized further by sterol Delta14-reductase to(More)
APS12-2, a non-competitive acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, is one of the synthetic analogs of polymeric alkylpyridinium salts (poly-APS) isolated from the marine sponge Reniera sarai. In the present work the effects of APS12-2 were studied on isolated mouse phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm muscle preparations, using twitch tension measurements and(More)
Naturally occurring 3-alkylpyridinium polymers from the marine sponge Reniera sarai are membrane-active compounds exerting a selective cytotoxicity towards non small cell lung cancer cells, and stable transfection of nucleated mammalian cells. In view of their possible use as chemotherapeutics and/or transfection tools, three poly-APS based synthetic(More)
The effects of ostreolysin, a cardiotoxic cytolysin produced by the edible oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), were studied on tension development in isolated rat aortic ring. Its cytotoxic effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts were also studied. Ostreolysin induced a concentration-dependent increase in(More)
The ability to selectively stimulate Aα, Aβ-fibers and Aδ-fibers in an isolated rat sciatic nerve (SNR) was assessed. The stimulus used was a current, biphasic pulse with a quasitrapezoidal cathodic phase and rectangular anodic phase where parameters were systematically varied: intensity of the cathodic phase (ic); width of the cathodic phase (tc); width of(More)
The effects of Beauvericin (BEA) produced by the fungusBeauveria bassianaandFusariumsp. on neuromuscular transmission and contractility were determined in an isolated neuromuscular mouse hemidiaphragm preparation. BEA (5 µM) significantly inhibits indirectly elicited twitch amplitude. At higher concentrations (7.5 and 10 µM), BEA produces a significant(More)
Polymeric 3-alkylpyridinium salts (poly-APS) are among the most studied natural bioactive compounds extracted from the marine sponge, Reniera sarai. They exhibit a wide range of biological activities, and the most prominent among them are the anti-acetylcholinesterase and membrane-damaging activity. Due to their membrane activity, sAPS can induce the lysis(More)