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In the mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Agrocybe aegerita, expression of the hemolytic proteins ostreolysin and aegerolysin, which belong to the aegerolysin family, has been shown to be initiated specifically during formation of primordia and fruiting bodies. We used rabbit anti-ostreolysin and fluorescent rhodamine-labelled secondary goat antibodies for(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether radiofrequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) can quantitatively monitor depolarizations evoked by excitatory amino acids in a rat's brain. To evoke depolarization, a glutamate receptor agonist, kainate, was administered into the right lateral ventricle. First, electroencephalographic activity was recorded(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the adrenal gland. It has been presumed that P-gp, rather than being involved in physiological cortisol secretion, plays a role in protecting the adrenacortical cells from xenobiotics. To explore this a study was performed on perfused bovine adrenal glands. Individual experimental(More)
Ostreolysin (Oly), an acidic, 15 kDa protein from the edible oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), is a toxic, pore-forming cytolysin. In this paper, its toxic properties have been studied in rodents and the LD(50) in mice shown to be 1170 microg/kg. Electrocardiogram, arterial blood pressure and respiratory activity were recorded under general(More)
Polymeric 3-alkylpyridinium salts (poly-APS) present in the marine sponge Reniera sarai show a broad spectrum of biological activities. They are lytic to erythrocytes and various other mammalian cells, enabling the transfection of the latter with alien DNA. Furthermore, they show inhibitory effects to marine bacteria and can inhibit fouling of micro- and(More)
APS12-2 is one in a series of synthetic analogs of the polymeric alkylpyridinium salts isolated from the marine sponge Reniera sarai. As it is a potential candidate for treating non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we have studied its possible toxic and lethal effects in vivo. The median lethal dose (LD(50)) of APS12-2 in mice was determined to be 11.5mg/kg.(More)
The lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase protein complex is composed of a cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP51 and its redox partner NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase. The complex participates in cholesterol biosynthesis and produces folicular fluid meiosis activating sterol (FF-MAS) from lanosterol. FF-MAS is metabolized further by sterol Delta14-reductase to(More)
Mammalian lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) is a microsomal cytochrome P450 that demethylates lanosterol to FF-MAS, an oocyte meiosis-activating sterol and late intermediate of cholesterol biosynthesis. Herein we report CYP51 unequivocally localized to acrosomal membranes of male germ cells in mouse, bull, and ram, in which it synthesizes FF-MAS in(More)
Disulfide pairings and active site residues are highly conserved in secretory phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s). However, secretory PLA(2)s of marine invertebrates display some distinctive structural features. In this study, we report the isolation and characterization of a PLA(2) from the northern Pacific sea anemone, Urticina crassicornis (UcPLA(2)),(More)