Robert Francis Jacob

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OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to test the predictive value of an oxidative stress biomarker in 634 patients from the Prospective Randomized Evaluation of the Vascular Effects of Norvasc Trial (PREVENT). BACKGROUND Oxidative stress contributes to mechanisms of atherosclerosis and plaque instability. Biomarkers of oxidation, such as(More)
Clinical investigations have demonstrated a link between use of the sulfone cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, rofecoxib, and increased risk for atherothrombotic events. This increased risk was not observed for a sulfonamide COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib), indicating a potential non-enzymatic mechanism for rofexocib. To test this hypothesis, we compared the(More)
This review will discuss the use of small-angle X-ray diffraction approaches to study the organization of lipids in plasma membranes derived from two distinct mammalian cell types: arterial smooth muscle cells and ocular lens fiber cells. These studies indicate that cholesterol at an elevated concentration can self-associate and form immiscible domains in(More)
Numerous reports have established that lipid peroxidation contributes to cell injury by altering the basic physical properties and structural organization of membrane components. Oxidative modification of polyunsaturated phospholipids has been shown, in particular, to alter the intermolecular packing, thermodynamic, and phase parameters of the membrane(More)
Certain pleiotropic activities reported for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are related to reductions in cellular cholesterol biosynthesis and isoprenoid levels. In endothelial cells, these metabolic changes contribute to favorable effects on nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Given the essential role of NO in(More)
Congo red (CR) is a histologic dye that binds to many amyloid proteins because of their extensive beta-sheet structure. The absorbance spectrum of the dye changes upon binding to amyloid. This spectral change has previously been exploited to develop a method to study the interaction of CR with fibrillar beta-sheet insulin fibrils, a model amyloid protein.(More)
Statin drugs inhibit 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase and share the common mechanism of lowering circulating levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, a powerful indicator of risk for cardiovascular disease. Large clinical trials have documented the benefit of hypolipidemic therapy for both primary and secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality in most industrialized countries as well as in developing nations. A pro-oxidative state appears to promote and/or exacerbate vascular disease complications. Furthermore, a state of low-grade chronic inflammation can promote increased oxidative stress and lead(More)
Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease causally associated with multiple cardiovascular risk factors, including dyslipidemia. Without effective intervention, atherosclerosis becomes evidenced clinically as coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease, both of which remain the leading causes of death worldwide. Multiple lines of investigation indicate a(More)